Humanities and Social Sciences

Slavia Orientalis


Slavia Orientalis | 2018 | vol. LXVII | No 4 |

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The study focuses on one of the ways to express for eignness of ethnicities encountered by the inhabitants of Medieval Rus’, namely on constructing the origin of those ethnicities. The narrative about the origin of an ethnicity and its ancestors (origo gentis) is known from European medieval historiography in general. The oldest Russian chronicles, however, are distinguishable for not only recording the origin of their own nation, but noting the roots of completely different cultures, i.e. steppe tribes and northern peoples; later the origin of Mongols is refl ected in a similar way. The comparison of the Primary Chronicle and Latin Central European chronicles which were created almost at the same time period (Chronica Boemorum by Cosmas of Prague, Chronica et gesta ducum sive principum Polonorum by Gallus Anonymus and a slightly younger anonymous Gesta Hungarorum) demonstrates that the primary function of Latin origo gentis was to define the identity of the medieval gens, which was changing into natio of the High Medieval Period, and to legitimate its political structures. In these chronicles, origo gentis never became a separate theme in relation to other nations. On the contrary, the authors of the oldest Russian chronicles considered the identifi cation of the origins of the foreign nations to be the key for recognizing their functions not only in the present or in the past, but, first and foremost, in the future, in the end time.

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Authors and Affiliations

Jitka Komendová
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Conceptual opposition of «vezhestvo» («decency»)/«ignorance» has long been an ethico-aesthetic basis for many works of Russian literature and folklore, thus defining their ideological thematic, and structural confi guration. In oral epos, «vezhestvo» appears as life-constructing value which is based upon a hero’s awareness of his own destiny and means of its implementation, such as particular behavioral style, experience, knowledge and skills on dealing with hostile forces, acceptance of an idea of the world’s hierarchy, reliance on help from divine powers, parents’ blessing for great doings, etc. «Ignorance» implies, respectively, incomprehension or rejection of these values. In literary epos, «vezhestvo» continues to function as a sign of traditional spirituality, thereby reproducing a national model of the world as a synthesis of many beginnings: courtesy, erudition, intellect, and exactingness of aesthetic taste of the Russian. In the context of literary search in the second half of the 18th century, a trend of jokey, ironic outplaying of typical situations, which a man had been encountered from the times of epic heroes, became stronger. The most representative examples of interpretation of a literary concept of «vezhestvo» of that period one can fi nd in bogatyr poems by N.A. L’vov and N.M. Karamzin.

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Authors and Affiliations

Olga Lazarescu
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Thaddeus Bulgarin (1789–1859) – a writer, critic and publishеr. During his activity hеtried to find his place in the history of both Polish and Russian literature and culture. However, neither Poles nor Russian considered him as their national author, despite the fact he was a very popular figure in the first half of the 19th century. Although Bulgarin’s heritage consists of numerous writings in the field of science-fiction literature, his name cannot be аlsо found among its creators. This article analyses the most significant visions of future by Bulgarin, in particular regarding the development of technology and its impact on human beings. Then it could be said that it was not Julius Verne, but Thaddeus Bulgarin, was the first one toprovide readers with travels to the centre of the Earth.

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Authors and Affiliations

Irena Koza
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Julius Margolin (1900–1971), a Jewish author of Russian and Polish origins, wrote his famous Russian-language novel A Journey to the Land Zeka in pre-State Israel, one year after his release from a Soviet concentration camp (1946–1947). Having been one of the earliest testimonies about Stalin’s atrocities, this book was published in 1952 in its abridged version, whereas the unabridged version came out only in 2016. While the social and political significance of this book has been repeatedly discussed, its poetical and discursive strategies are understudied. This article makes a few steps in the direction of understanding of Margolin’s book seriocomic style, discourse of fairytale and fantasy, the Palestine-Zionist text, the sea motif and other themes. The analysis unveils the author’s ambitious literary project that hides behind the historical testimony and is intended to strengthen it.

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Authors and Affiliations

Roman Katsman
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Provence has been playing an important role in Russian literature for two hundred years. Numerous Russian artists have visited this French region or settled there for a longer time; enchanted by the beauty of south European nature and mild climate, they depicted it in their poems, stories or travel journals. The list includes, e.g. Semen Nadson, Alexandr Kuprin, Ivan Bunin, Sasha Chyorny, Vladimir Nabokov. Galina Kuznetsova (1900–1976), representative of the first wave of Russian emigration, spent several years in Provence. The poet lived in Grasse on and off from 1927 to 1942. Her stay on the south of France greatly influenced the journal she then wrote (Грасский дневник, 1967), and her only poetry collection published in her lifetime, entitled The Olive Garden (Оливковый сад, 1937). This article covers the Provence threads present in both texts. Kuznetsova depicts in these works the beauty of exotic nature, combining descriptions of landscape with her own emotional states, using solutions characteristic of impressionism.

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Jolanta Brzykcy
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In this article, the analysis has been subjected to discussing the autobiographical novel: The Prologue of Galina Kuznetsova- the representative of the Russian Emigration and the First Wave. This article presents the process of formation of the novel and identifies the impact of the personality and work of Ivan Bunin on its shape. Kuznetsovas novel was presented in a broader context of autobiographical novels of the Russian Emigration.

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Patryk Witczak
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An aim of this article was to analyze and interpret multifaceted semantic of motives for lying in the novel Women’s Lies by Lyudmila Ulitskaya mainly on the basis of the text’s content as well as related to it preceded annotations, essayistic and journalistic utterances of an actress. We declare that the “laboratory analyze” of women’s lies in its various scenes makes a leading opinion and basic motive of the novel. At the beginning of the conclusion we are concentrating on the author`s definition of lie, so we can later refer to mythological-historical-literary roots. In the context of above mentioned facts, it is interesting that Ulitskaya divides lie on masculine and feminine. Ulitskaya, in her typical way, referring to cultural-religious archetypes and symbols, indicates the roots of masculine lie pertaining even to the Old Testament, as contrary to “pleasant feminine lie”. In this regard, the mythological characters of Odysseus and Penelope are also recognized as representatives. After all, in the content of the analyzed piece are only presented various examples of female lies, and, in our opinion, exposed as an element of the third plane, which unites natural sciences and literature.

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Authors and Affiliations

Joanna Tarkowska
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The article studies such cultural phenomenon as madness in its romantic (Edgar Poe) and expressionistic (Ivan Shmelyov) interpretation. Refl ecting upon the philosophical concept introduced by Michel Foucault the author analyzes how visual-plastic and verbal experience of interpreting madness in terms of literature is realized. Verbal and literary peculiarities of creating an aesthetic image of madness within the romantic canon in Poe’s story is compared to the specific features of verbal and visual images created in the style of expressionism by Shmelyov. Techniques of literary image visualization, revealing the specific nature of interaction between different forms of literature, art, cinema peculiar to the first third of the twentieth century, are studied in the process of transition from the aesthetics of story to the aesthetics of presentation.

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Anna Stiepanowa
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The article is dedicated to the determination of the types and functions of “someone else’s word”, i.e. intertextual relationships, present in political dramas of contemporary Russian writers. The author focuses on two types of intertexts such as quotes and allusions; determines their importance to the dramatic work as a whole, and distinguishes topic-related groups of texts to which dramatists refer. The conclusions of the study incline to place the phenomenon of political drama between what is “literary” and “social”, “eternal” and “up-to-date”.The analysis was carried out on the materials of dramas such as: Putin.doc by Victor Teterin, Sentry (Часовой) by Siergiej Reshetnikov, Meat by Olga Pogodina, and Beria by Dmitry Karapuzov.

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Authors and Affiliations

Paulina Sikora-Krizhevska
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The Old Believers appeared on the Polish territories in 18th century. They are a bilingual community. They use Russian dialect and Polish language, depending on communicative situation. Polish influence on the Old Believers’ dialect increased after two World Wars, when they became separated from their co-religionists in other countries and had more often contacts with Polish neighbours. In Old Believers’ Russian dialect more and more Polish elements are noticable, especially in lexis. In the technical terminology there are a lot of borrowings from Polish language caused above all by the civilization progress. The aim of this article is to analyze the lexis borrowed from Polish language in the field of technics in Russian dialect of the Old Believers of Suwałki-Augustów Region and furthermore confront it with the material gathered in “Słownik gwary staroobrzędowców mieszkających w Polsce” (1980 a.d.). The gathered material was analyzed paying special attention to assimilation to the Russian dialect.

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Authors and Affiliations

Magdalena Grupa-Dolińska
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This paper discusses the linguistic features of political propaganda in the Polish newspaper “Trybuna Radziecka”, which was published in Moscow in 1927–1938 and edited by Polish left-intelligentsia, living in USRR as political émigrés in the interwar period. “Trybuna Radziecka” as the other Polish newspapers published in Soviet Russia was a part of the Soviet press. It entirely depended on Soviet authorities. Its language reflected the Soviet Russian language and was an example of political jargon typical for all communist newspapers of the interwar period.

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Authors and Affiliations

Tamara Graczykowska

Instructions for authors

Zasady publikowania w kwartalniku „Slavia Orientalis”

I. „Slavia Orientalis” przyjmuje do druku materiały nigdzie dotąd niepublikowane. Wszelkie formy plagiatu („ghostwriting”) i autoplagiatu („guest authorship”) będą traktowane przez redakcję jako przejawy nierzetelności naukowej. Redakcja będzie dokumentować oraz powiadamiać stosowne instytucje o łamaniu i naruszaniu zasad etyki obowiązujących w nauce.

II. „Slavia Orientalis” zamieszcza materiały w języku rosyjskim, białoruskim, ukraińskim, polskim i angielskim.

Do tekstu prosimy dołączyć: polską, angielską i rosyjską wersję tytułu, tekst streszczenia artykułu w języku angielskim (do 0,5 stronicy), pięć angielskich słów kluczowych, krótką informację o autorze, zawierającą następujące dane: imię i nazwisko, tytuł i stopień naukowy, miejsce pracy i stanowisko, adres pocztowy i elektroniczny, a także adres miejsca pracy, tytuły najważniejszych publikacji (książki i artykuły), ze wskazaniem miejsca i roku wydania (5 tytułów).

III. Oprócz artykułów Redakcja zamieszcza także:

a) recenzje merytoryczne, oceniające i polemiczne o objętości do 5 stronic maszynopisu;

b) informacje o książkach o objętości do 2 stronic maszynopisu;

c) sprawozdania z sesji i konferencji naukowych o objętości do 3 stronic maszynopisu.

IV. Wymogi techniczne:

a) teksty prosimy przysyłać w jednym egzemplarzu wraz z zapisem elektronicznym tekstu

zarówno w pliku doc., jak i pdf;

b) teksty w języku angielskim winny się rozpoczynać streszczeniem w języku rosyjskim lub polskim (ok. 0,5 stronicy);

c) teksty w językach rosyjskim, ukraińskim, białoruskim winny rozpoczynać się streszczeniem w języku angielskim (ok. 0,5 stronicy);

d) teksty w języku polskim winny zawierać streszczenie w języku angielskim (0,5 stronicy) oraz 5 słów kluczowych w języku tekstu oraz w języku angielskim;

e) w tekstach w języku polskim i angielskim cytaty i przypisy w języku rosyjskim, ukraińskim

i białoruskim prosimy przytaczać w oryginale (nie w transliteracji);

f) tytuły utworów literackich występujących w tekście w języku polskim po raz pierwszy należy podać w nawiasie w wersji oryginalnej (nie w transliteracji);

g) maszynopis winien być przygotowany z zachowaniem interlinii i marginesu po lewej stronie;

h) czcionka: Times New Roman (CE lub CYR) o wielkości 12 pkt z interlinią 1,5 wiersza;

i) strona znormalizowanego maszynopisu zawiera 30 wersów tekstu z ok. 60 znakami

w wersie (1800 znaków na stronie);

j) objętość tekstów nie powinna przekraczać 20 stronic maszynopisu;

k) przypisy: pod stroną w numeracji ciągłej dla całego tekstu (przygotowane przez opcję „Wstaw przypis”) i tekst bez bibliografi i końcowej;

l) opis źródeł w przypisach prosimy dostosować do przedstawionego poniżej wzorca:


J. Kowalski, Historia literatury, Kraków 1990, s. 23.

Ibidem, s. 13.

J. Kowalski, Historia…, s. 56.

Fragment książki:

A. Nowak, Z dziejów piśmiennictwa, [w:] Historia cywilizacji, Warszawa 1987, s. 98.

Ibidem, s. 13.

A. Nowak, Z dziejów…, s. 135.

Artykuł w czasopiśmie:

L. Nowacka, Teoria aktów mowy, „Przegląd Językoznawczy” 1963, nr 7, s. 45.

Źródło internetowe:

Irina Yazykova, Obraz Bogurodzicy w ruskiej ikonografi i, [w:] (28.03.2011).

V. Wszelkie zmiany o charakterze merytorycznym wprowadzane przez Autora w korekcie dokonywane będą na koszt Autora.

VI. Materiałów niezamówionych Redakcja nie zwraca.

VII. Tekst powinien być przygotowany według wzoru:

Imię i nazwisko

Miasto, uniwersytet


Tytuł w języku angielskim




Tekst artykułu.


Требования, предъявляемые к текстам, публикуемым в квартальнике „Slavia Orientalis”

I. „Slavia Orientalis” принимает в печать материалы, которые до сих пор нигде не публиковались. Все формы плагиата („ghostwriting”) и автоплагиата („guest authorship”) будут признаны редакцией как проявление научной недобросовестности. Редакция будет документировать и извещать соответствующие учреждения о на- рушении этических законов, обязывающих в науке.

II. „Slavia Orientalis” помещает материалы на русском, белорусском, украинском, польском и английском языках. Редакция обращается к авторам с просьбой предоставить: польскую, английскую и русскую версии заглавия, резюме на английском языке (до 0,5 страницы), пять ключевых слов на английском языке, а также краткую информацию о себе, со- держащую следующие данные: имя и фамилия автора, ученая степень и звание, место работы, должность, почтовый и электронный адреса; заглавия важнейших публикаций (книг и статей) с указанием места и года издания (5 заглавий).

III. Кроме статей редакция помещает также:

а) научно-аналитические рецензии, заключающие в себе оценку и полемику – объемом до 5 машинописных страниц;

б) информацию о новых книгах – объемом до 2 машинописных страниц;

в) обзоры, посвященные научным симпозиумам и конференциям – объемом до 3 машинописных страниц.

IV. Технические требования:

а) просьба присылать тексты в одном экземпляре вместе с электронной записью текста в файлах doc. и pdf;

б) тексты на английском языке в начале статьи должны сопровождаться резюме на русском или польском языке (ок. 0,5 страницы);

в) тексты на русском, украинском и белорусском языках в начале статьи должны сoпровождаться резюме на английском языке (0,5 страницы);

г) тексты на польском языке в начале статьи должны сопровождаться резюме на английском языке (0,5 страницы) и ключевыми словами (до пяти) на языке статьи и на английском;

д) в текстах на польском и английском языках цитаты и примечания на русском, украинском и белорусском языках следует приводить в оригинальной версии (не в транслитерации);

е) заглавия литературных произведений, приводимые в тексте на польском языке впервые, должны сопровождаться в скобках оригинальной версией (не в транс- литерации);

ж) подготовленная к печати машинопись должна содержать регулярный интервал и поля с левой стороны;

з) шрифт: Times New Roman (CE или CYR) размером 12, расстоянием между строчками 1,5;

и) согласно принятым нормам, машинописная страница содержит 30 строк текста по

ок. 60 печатных знаков в каждой строке (т. е. 1800 печатных знаков на странице);

й) объем присылаемых текстов не может превышать 20 машинописных страниц;

к) сноски: внизу страницы при непрерывной нумерации для всего текста (выполняемые при помощи „Вставка сносок”, статья без библиографического списка в конце текста;

л) при ссылках на источники следует соблюдать форму записи, соответствующую приводимому ниже образцу:


А.И. Иванов, История литературы, Москва 1990, с. 23.

Там же, с. 13.

А.И. Иванов, История…, с. 56.

Фрагмент книги:

Е. Сидоров, Из истории письменности, [в:] История цивилизации, Москва 1987, с. 98.

Там же, с. 13.

Е. Сидоров, Из истории…, с. 135.

Статья в журнале:

О. Ахманова, Теория речевых актов, „Вопросы языкознания” 1963, № 1, с. 45.

Источник по Интернету:

Петр Паламарчук, Москва, Мосох и Третий Рим, [в:] (28.03.2011).

V. Любого рода существенные изменения, вносимые автором в корректуру, будут реализованы за счет автора.

VI. Материалы, присланные не по просьбе Редакции, обратно не высылаются.

VII. Текст должен быть приготовлен по данному образцу:

Имя и фамилия

Город, университет


Заглавие на английском языке




Текст статьи.

Publication Ethics Policy

Publication ethics

The Slavia Orientalis quarterly adheres to the principles presented in the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The rules of conduct concern in particular:

I. Duties of Authors
1. Authors are obliged to diligently prepare the articles for publication in the Slavia Orientalis, in accordance with the rules in force.
2. By submitting the material for publication in the Slavia Orientalis quarterly, the Author warrants that the article is his/her original work, has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere, and that it does not infringe third-party intellectual property rights.
3. The Author assumes responsibility for the credibility and proper documentation of the information provided in the article.
4. Authors are obliged to take the comments from the Reviewers into account or to justify their refusal in writing.
5. After the article is accepted for publication, the Author signs a publication agreement with the Editorial Board under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND free access license.

II. Rules of the Editorial Board
1. The Slavia Orientalis quarterly accepts manuscripts that have not been published previously. Any form of plagiarism, self-plagiarism, ghostwriting and guest authorship will be treated as an act of research misconduct. Editorial Board will document all forms of ethical violations and scientific misconduct and shall notify appropriate institutions about them. In the event of a confirmed scientific misconduct, disclosed after the publication of the text, the Editorial Board will provide relevant information.
2. Only high scientific value of the work, its reliability and linguistic correctness will be taken into account when reviewing and qualifying texts for publication. The Editorial Board shall respect the principle of avoiding conflicts of interest.
3. Editorial Board may refuse to publish the manuscript if it does not agree with the Author’s reaction to the reviews.
4. The correspondence between members of the Editorial Board, members of the Scientific Council and Authors or Reviewers shall be treated as confidential.

III. Duties and responsibilities of the Scientific Council
1. Advising the Editorial Board on issues related to the scientific level of the quarterly.
2. Paying attention to observed cases of scientific dishonesty.
3. Proposing new research issues, e.g. Eastern Slavonic languages, to include in the journal’s future publishing projects.
4. Providing opinion on ideas proposed by the Editorial Board for publication in special issues.
5. Concern for the recognition and scientific prestige of the quarterly in the international scientific community.

IV. Duties of Reviewers
1. Manuscripts shall be evaluated solely on their intellectual merit.
2. Reviews should contain an explicit recommendation whether to accept or reject the paper for publication.
3. The Reviewer is obliged to notify the Editorial Board about any case of plagiarism in the reviewed text.

Peer-review Procedure

Procedure for reviewing scientific articles in the quarterly Slavia Orientalis

1. Submitted material is initially evaluated by the Editorial Board in terms of meeting all formal requirements and its compliance with the journal’s scientific and thematic profile.

2. Reviews are prepared on the peer review form.

3. In the process of reviewing the following rules are followed:
a) the principle of two independent reviews;
b) the principle of selecting reviewers on the basis of their expertise;
c) the principle of avoiding the conflict of interest in the selection of reviewers;
d) the principle of double blind peer review; e) the principle of appointing a third reviewer in the event of contradictory reviews.

4. Manuscripts shall be evaluated solely on their intellectual merit.

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