Humanities and Social Sciences

Polish Psychological Bulletin

Content

Polish Psychological Bulletin | 2021 | vol. 52 | No 4 |

Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

This study aimed to measure the hope level of Iranian English-major students and also to find out if their gender, academic degree, years spent in a program, and GPA were associated with their hope level. To reach these aims, the Integrative Hope Scale developed by Sharpe, McElheran, and Whelton (2017) was modified, checked for validity, and piloted. Then, it was distributed among 206 English-major students doing their BA, MA, and PhD in different universities of Iran, chosen through random and snowball sampling. The analysis of the data through non-parametric tests showed that although undergraduate and postgraduate students enjoyed a higher level of hope, there was no significant difference in the students’ hope level based on their academic degree. Furthermore, no significant relationship was found between students’ levels of hope, on the one hand, and their GPA and the number of years spent in a program, on the other hand. However, there was a significant difference between male and female students, with males having a higher level of hope.
Go to article

Bibliography


Akin, A., & Akin, U. (2014). An investigation of the predictive role of self-compassion on hope in Turkish university students. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 4, 96-104. https://www.proquest.com/openview/388adeda47a8e72efbe3c4aefa3bd0a1/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=786381
Alizadeh Aghdam, M. B. (2013). A study of hope in the future among students and its affecting factors, Journal of Applied Sociology, 23(4), 189-206. DOR:20.1001.1.20085745.1391.23.4.10.9 BA or MA? A big decision for entering the job market. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://iranianpath.com
Barzegar, B., Azadfallah, P., Farahani, H., & Fathi-Ashtiani, A. (2018). Development of the Persian version of the integrative hope scale: A review of psychometric indices. International Journal of Behavioural Science, 12, 1-8.
Breznitz, S. (1986). The effect of hope on coping with stress. In M. H. Appley & R. Trumbull 12(1) http://www.behavsci.ir/article_79520. html (Eds.), Dynamics of stress: Physiological, psychological, and social perspectives (pp. 295-306). New York, NY: Plenum Press.
Chen, J., Huebner, E. S., & Tian, L. (2020). Longitudinal relations between hope and academic achievement in elementary school students: Behavioral engagement as a mediator. Learning and Individual Differences, 78, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2020.101824
Day, L., Hanson, K., Maltby, J., Proctor, C., & Wood, A. (2010). Hope uniquely predicts objective academic achievement above intelli-gence,personality, and previous academic achievement. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 550–553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2010.05.009
Dewaele, J., Chen, X., Padill, A. M., & Lake, J. (2019). The flowering of positive psychology in foreign language teaching and acquisition research. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02128
Ebrahimi N, Sabaghian Z, Abolghasemi M. (2011). Investigating relationship of hope and academic success of college students. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 17(2), 1-16. https://www.academia.edu/20736780/Investigating_Re-lationship_of_Hope_and_Academic_Success_of_College_Students
Faria, N. (2017). Positive psychology and student success: How flow, mindfulness, and hope are related to happiness, relationships and GPA. Retrieved Feburary, 2021, from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Positive-Psychology-and-Student-Success-%3A-How-Flow-Faria/42ed662d75e79e361b4154866a7832a906868f30
Farran, C. J., Herth, K. A., & Popovich, J. M. (1995). Hope and hopelessness: Critical clinical constructs. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Gallagher, M. W., Marques, S. C., & Lopez, S. J. (2016). Hope and the academic trajectory of college students. Journal of Happiness Studies, 18, 341–352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902–016–9727–z.
Ghadampour , E., Heidaryani , L., Barzegar-Bafroui, M., & Dehghan- Menshadi , M. (2018). The role of academic hope and perceived emotional support in predicting academic welfare. Research in Medical Education, 10(3), 47-57. https://doi.org/10.29252/rme.10.3.47
Giti Ghoreishi, A. (2009). Hope level among first and last year psychology students. Journal of Thought and Behavior in Clinical Psychology, 3(12), 45-56.
Hanson, K. (2009, 10 24). http://positivepsychology.org.uk/hope-theory- snyder-adult-scale/. Retrieved October 12, 2020, from http://positivepsychology.org.uk: http://positivepsychology.org.uk/hope-theory-snyder-adult-scale/
Herth, K. (1992). Abbreviated instrument to measure hope: Development and psychometric evaluation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17, 1251-1259. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.1992.tb01843.x
Hojati, M., & Abbasi, M. (2013). Comparisons of self-efficacy and hope among students with and without learning disabilities. Specific Education Rehabilitation, 14(1-2), 66-77. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10215-011-0034-2
Jaeger, M., Konrad, A., Rueegg, S., & Rabenschlag, F. (2013). Measuring recovery: Validity of the recovery process inventory and the recovery attitudes questionnaire. Psychiatry Research, 210, 363-367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2013.06.002
Kali Soyer, M., & Kirikkanat, B. (2019). Undergraduates’ achievement goal orientations, academic self-efficacy and hope as the predictors of their learning approaches. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.99
Lazarus, R. S. (1999). Hope: An emotion and a vital coping resource against despair. Social Research, 66, 653-678.
McCulloch, L. M. (2006). The relationship among hope, optimism, gender, and academic achievement. 66(2) https://www.jstor.org/stable/40971343 Unpublished Thesis, University of British Colum-bia, Canada. Retrieved Feburary, 2021, from https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/undergraduateresearch/52966/items/1.0086056
Mohammadipour, M., & Rahmati, F. (2016). The predictive role of social adjustment, academic procrastination and academic hope in the high school students’ academic burnout. Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 1, 35-45. 1(1) https://www.sid.ir/en/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=595571
Rahpeima, S., Barani , H., & Khormaee, F. (2020). Relation of academic hope and approach to learning: Investigating the mediating role of academic self-regulation. Journal of Psychology, 24(1), 106-122. Article Code: 13990124236510 http://iranapsy.ir/en/Article/13990124236510
Rand, K. L., & Cheavens, J. S. (2009). Hope theory. In C. R. Snyder, & S. J. Lopez, Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology (2nd ed.) (pp. 323–333). New York: Oxford University. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195187243.013.0030
Rosenstreich, E., Feldman, D. B., Davidson, O. B., Mazad, E., & Margalit, M. (2015). Hope, optimism and loneliness among first-year college students with learning disabilities: a brief longitudinal study. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2015.1023001
Rumpold, T., Schur, S., Amering, M., Masel, E. K., Watzke, H., & Schrank, B. (2016). Informal caregivers of advanced-stage cancer patients: Every second is at risk for psychiatric morbidity. Support Care Cancer, 24, 1975-1982. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-015-2987-z
Saricam, H. (2015). Subjective happiness and hope. Universitas Psychologica, 14, 685-694.
Schrank, B., Amering, M., Hay, A. G., Weber, M., & Sibitz, I. (2014). Insight, positive and negative symptoms, hope, depression and self- stigma: A comprehensive model of mutual influences in schizo-phrenia spectrum disorders. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 23, 271-279. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796013000322
Schrank, B., Ebert-Vogel, A., Amering, M., Mael, E. K., Neubauer, M., Watzke, H., . . . Schur, S. (2016). Gender differences in caregiver burden and its determinants in family members of terminally ill cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology, 25, 808-814. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4005
Schrank, B., Woppmann, A., Sibitz, I., & Lauber, C. (2011). Develop-ment and validation of an integrative scale to assess hope. Health Expectations, 14, 417-428. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.13697625.2010.00645.x
Schrank, B., Woppmann , A., Hay, A. G., Sibitz, I., Zehetmayer, S., & Lauber , C. (2012). Validation of the integrative hope scale in people with psychosis. Psychiatry Research, 198, 395–399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2011.12.052
Schur, S., Ebert-Vogel, A., Amering, M., Masel, E. K., Neubauer, M., Schrott, A., . . . Schrank, B. (2014). Validation of the quality of life in life-threatening illness–family carer version (QOLLTI-F) in German- speaking carers of advanced cancer patients. Support Care Cancer, 22, 2783-2791. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-014-2272-6
Schur, S., Neubauer, M., Amering, M., Ebert-Vogel, A., Masel, E. K., Sibitz, I., . . . Schrank, B. (2015). Validation of the family inventory of needs (FIN) for family caregivers in palliative care. Palliative and Supportive Care, 13, 485-491. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951514000261
Scioli, A., Ricci, M., Nyugen, T., & Scioli, E. R. (2011). Hope: Its nature and measurement. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3, 78-97. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/4139894/Hope_Its_nature_and_measurement
Sharpe, D., McElheran, J., & Whelton, W. J. (2017). Assessing the factor structure of the integrative hope scale. Assessment, 1-12.
Snyder, C. R. (1995). Conceptualizing, measuring, and nurturing hope. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 355-360. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1995.tb01764.x
Snyder, C. R. (1999). Hope, goal blocking thoughts, and test-related anxieties. Psychological Reports, 84, 206–208. 84(1) https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1999.84.1.206. PMID: 10203952.
Snyder, C. R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 249–275. 13(4) https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1304_01
Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., & Sigmon, S. T. (1991). The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 570–585. 60(4) https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.60.4.570
Snyder , C. R., Shorey, H. S., Cheavens, J., Pulvers, K. M., Adams, V. H., & Wiklund, C. (2002). Hope and academic success in college. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 820–826. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-0663.94.4.820
Sun, R. C., & Shek, D. T. (2012). Beliefs in the future as a positive youth development construct: A conceptual review. The ScientificWorld Journal, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/527038
Van Ryzin, M. J. (2011). Protective factors at school: Reciprocal effects among adolescents’ perceptions of the school environment,engage-ment in learning, and hope. Youth Adolescence, 14, 1568–1580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-011-9637-7
Wciorka, J., Switaj, P., & Anczewska, M. (2014). The sense of empowerment in the early stage of recovery from psychosis. Psychosis, 6, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/17522439.2014.910253 Why 2284 men and only 16 women? (2015). Retrieved from https://fararu.com/fa/news/228903/%DA%86%D8%B1%D8%A7-2284-% D9%85%D8%B1%D8%AF-%D9%88-16-%D8%B2%D9%86
Wurdinger, S., Newell, R., & Kim, E. S. (2020). Measuring life skills, hope, and academic growth at project-based learning schools. Improving Schools, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/1365480 220901968
Yotsidi, V., Pagoulatou, A., Kyriazos, T., & Stalikas, A. (2018). The Role of hope in academic and work environments: An integrative literature review. Psychology, 9, 385-402. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2018.93024
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Mansoor Ganji
1
ORCID: ORCID
Farzane Safarzade Samani
1
ORCID: ORCID
Elahe Sadeghi
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran
  2. Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

Changing a problem’s representation is a crucial process when solving insight problems. Recently, Laukkonen and Tangen (2017) found that observing ambiguous figures such as a Necker Cube before solving problems can increase insight frequency. In our research, we extended their procedure by including measures of feelings of insight (e.g., confidence and pleasure). This approach allowed us to test the replicability of relationships between perceptual switching and insight frequency in terms of both accuracy of problem solutions and insight phenomenology. The research took the form of two studies using two different samples (NA = 68 and NB = 198) using online platforms. Our results consistently showed no effect of prior Necker cube perception on accuracy. However, we found a significant difference in self- reported insight (1 - non-aha! experience to 5 – a very strong aha! experience) in our Sample B study. The results suggest the possibility that viewing ambiguous figures may not have a triggering effect on insight problem-solving performance but that it may trigger stronger insight experiences when solving insight problems.
Go to article

Bibliography


Botvinick, M. M., S, B. T., Barch, D. M., Carter, C. S., & Cohen, J. D. (2001). Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control. Psychological Review, 103(3), 624–652.
Champely, S., (2020). pwr: Basic Functions for Power Analysis. R package version 1.3-0. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=pwr
Chuderski, A., Jastrzębski, J., Kroczek, B., Kucwaj, H., & Ociepka, M. (2020). Metacognitive experience on Raven’s matrices versus insight problems. Metacognition and Learning, 31–44. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11409-020-09236-6
Danek, A. H. (2018). Magic tricks, sudden restructuring, and the Aha! experience: A new model of nonmonotonic problem solving. In F. Valee-Tourangeau (Ed.), Insight (pp. 51-78). Routledge.
Danek, A. H., Fraps, T., von Müller, A., Grothe, B., & Öllinger, M. (2014). It’s a kind of magic-what self-reports can reveal about the phenomenology of insight problem solving. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01408
Danek, A. H., & Wiley, J. (2017). What about false insights? Deconstructing the aha! experience along its multiple dimensions for correct and incorrect solutions separately. Frontiers in Psychol-ogy, 7, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.02077
Danek, A. H., Wiley, J., & Öllinger, M. (2016). Solving classical insight problems without aha! experience: 9 Dot, 8 Coin, and matchstick arithmetic problems. Journal of Problem Solving, 9(1), 47–57. https://doi.org/10.7771/1932-6246.1183
Danek, A. H., Williams, J., & Wiley, J. (2020). Closing the gap: connecting sudden representational change to the subjective Aha! experience in insightful problem solving. Psychological Research, 0(0), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-0977-8
Duncker, K. (1926). A qualitative (experimental and theoretical) study of productive thinking (solving of comprehensible problems). Pedago-gical Seminary and Journal of Genetic Psychology, 33, 642–708. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856559.1926.10533052
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175–191. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146
Gick, M. L., & Lockhart, R. S. (1995). Cognitive and affective components of insight. In R. J. Sternberg & R. Davidson, John (Eds.), The nature of insight (pp. 197–228). Cambridge: MIT Press.
Guilforfd, J. P. (1967). The nature of human inteligence. McGraw-Hill. Köhler, W. (1947). Gestalt Psychology. The definitive statement of the Gestalt Theory. New York: Liveright.
Kornmeier, J., & Bach, M. (2005). The Necker cube - An ambiguous figure disambiguated in early visual processing. Vision Research, 45(8), 955–960. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2004.10.006
Kounios, J, & Beeman, M. (2014). The cognitive neuroscience of insight. Annual Review of Psychology, 65. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115134
Kounios, John, Fleck, J. I., Green, D. L., Payne, L., Stevenson, J. L., Bowden, E. M., & Jung-Beeman, M. (2008). The origins of insight in resting-state brain activity. Neuropsychologia, 46(1), 281–291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.07.013
Laukkonen, R. E., & Tangen, J. M. (2017). Can observing a Necker cube make you more insightful? Consciousness and Cognition, 48, 198– 211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.11.011
Long, G. M., & Toppino, T. C. (2004). Enduring interest in perceptual ambiguity: Alternating views of reversible figures. Psychological Bulletin, 130(5), 748–768. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.130.5.748
Metcalfe, J. (1986). Feeling of knowing in memory and problem solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 12(2), 288–294. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.12.2.288
Newell, A. (1985). Duncker on thinking: An inquiry into progress in cognition. A Century of Psychology as Science., 392–419. https://doi.org/10.1037/10117-032
Ohlsson, S. (1984). Restructuring revisited: II. An information processing theory of restructuring and insight. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 25(2), 117–129. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.1984.tb01005.x
Olteteanu, A. M., Schöttner, M., & Bahety, A. (2019). Towards a multi- level exploration of human and computational re-representation in unified cognitive frameworks. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(APR), 0– 34. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00940
Popper, K. (2005). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. In Hume’s Problem. https://doi.org/10.1093/0198250371.003.0009
Reiter-Palmon, R., Forthmann, B., & Barbot, B. (2019). Scoring divergent thinking tests: A review and systematic framework. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 13(2), 144–152. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000227
Wallach, M. A., & Kogan, N. (1965). A new look at the creativity‐ intelligence distinction 1. Journal of Personality, 33(3), 348–369. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1965.tb01391.x
Webb, M. E., Little, D. R., & Cropper, S. J. (2016). Insight is not in the problem: Investigating insight in problem solving across task types. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01424
Webb, M. E., Little, D. R., & Cropper, S. J. (2017). Once more with feeling: Normative data for the aha experience in insight and noninsight problems. Behavior Research Methods, 50(5), 2035– 2056. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-017-0972-9
Wiseman, R., Watt, C., Gilhooly, K., & Georgiou, G. (2011). Creativity and ease of ambiguous figural reversal. British Journal of Psychol-ogy, 102(3), 615–622. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02031.x
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Angelika Olszewska
1
ORCID: ORCID
Agata Sobkow
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

This study aims to identify the potential predictors (i.e., financial well-being, mindfulness, and marital duration) of relationship satisfaction among married couples in Malaysia. Respondents were 156 Malaysian married couples from different races – Malay, Chinese, Indian, and others. All respondents responded to three questionnaires which are In Charge Financial Distress/ Financial Well-Being Scale (Prawitz et al., 2006), Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (Brown & Ryan, 2003), and Couple Satisfaction Index (Funk & Rogge, 2007). A significant positive relationship was found between financial well-being and mindfulness with relationship satisfaction, meanwhile, no statistically significant relationship was found between marital duration and relationship satisfaction. Moreover, mindfulness is established to be the strongest predictor of relationship satisfaction among married couples in Malaysia. This result emphasized the role of mindfulness within the context of development and sustainability of marital relationships satisfaction in addition to general well-being.
Go to article

Bibliography


Abd Rahman, N. F. & Keat, O. (2017). Anger Rumination, Revengeful Thought and Anger Displacement among Young People, Journal of Management & Science, 15(2), 108 – 114.
Adair, K. C., Boulton, A. J., & Algoe, S. B. (2018). The effect of mindfulness on relationship satisfaction via perceived responsive-ness: Findings from a dyadic study of heterosexual romantic partners. Mindfulness, 9(2), 597-609. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0801-3
Adonu, J. K. (2005). Psychosocial predictors of marital satisfaction in British and Ghanaian cultural settings (Doctoral dissertation, School of Social Sciences Theses).
Affandee, S., Rehman, S., & Keat, O. B. (2018). The relationship between personality traits and the perceptions on pre-marital sexual relations. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 9(11), 1938–1943.
Archuleta, K. L., Britt, S. L., Tonn, T. J., & Grable, J. E. (2011). Financial satisfaction and financial stressors in marital satisfaction. Psychological Reports, 108(2), 563–576. https://doi.org/10.2466/07.21.PR0.108.2.563-576
Aronson, P. (2008). The markers and meanings of growing up: Contemporary young women's transition from adolescence to adulthood. Gender and Society, 56 – 82.
Atkinson, B. J. (2013). Mindfulness training and the cultivation of secure, satisfying couple relationships. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 2, 73–94. https://doi.org/10.1037/cfp0000002
Aziz, D. A., & Ali, S. I. N. L. M. (2020). Parenting Styles, Peer Relationship and Mental Health. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(7), 1539-1545.
Bandura, A. (1990). Mechanisms of moral disengagement, in: W. REICH (Ed.), Origins of Terrorism: psychologies, ideologies, theologies, states of mind, pp. 161–191 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).
Barnes, S., Brown, K. W., Krusemark, E., Campbell, W. K., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). The role of mindfulness in romantic relationship satisfaction and responses to relationship stress. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(4), 482–500. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2007.00033.x
Black, D. S. (2011). A brief definition of mindfulness. Mindfulness Research Guide, 1–2.
Bradbury, T. N., Fincham, F. D., & Beach, S. R. (2000). Research on the nature and determinants of marital satisfaction: A decade in review. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 964-980.
Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822-848.
Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological inquiry, 18(4), 211-237.
Brüggen, E. C., Hogreve, J., Holmlund, M., Kabadayi, S., & Löfgren, M. (2017). Financial well-being: A conceptualization and research agenda. Journal of Business Research, 79, 228–237. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.03.013
Carlson, L. E., & Brown, K. W. (2005). Validation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in a cancer population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 58, 29–33.
Dew, J. (2009) Bank on it: Thrifty couples are the happiest. In W. B. Wilcox (Ed.), The state of our unions (pp. 23-29). University of Virginia: National Marriage Project.
Duncan, G. D. (2008). The relationship between trait forgiveness and marital adjustment in heterosexual individuals (Doctoral disserta-tion, Capella University).
Funk, J. L. & Rogge, R. D. (2007). Testing the ruler with item response theory: Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 572-583.
Gallimore, S., Hughes, J., & Geldhauser, H. (2006). Marriage length, spousal support, and marital satisfaction in dual-income men and women. Modern Psychological Studies, 12(1), 8.
Gerlach, T. M., Driebe, J. C., & Reinhard, S. K. (2020). Personality and romantic relationship satisfaction. Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences, 3688-3695.
Gómez-López, M., Viejo, C., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2019). Well-being and romantic relationships: A systematic review in adolescence and emerging adulthood. International Journal of Environmental Re-search and Public Health, 16(13), 2415.
Grable, J. E., Britt, S., & Cantrell, J. (2007). An exploratory study of the role financial satisfaction has on the thought of subsequent divorce. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 36, 130-150.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1993). Mindfulness meditation: Health benefits of an ancient Buddhist practice. In D. Goleman & J. Gurin (Eds.), Mind/ Body Medicine (pp. 257–276). Yonkers, New York: Consumer Reports Books.
Kappen, G., Karremans, J. C., Burk, W. J., & Buyukcan-Tetik, A. (2018). On the Association Between Mindfulness and Romantic Relationship Satisfaction: the Role of Partner Acceptance. Mindfulness, 9(5), 1543–1556. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0902-7
Keizer, R. (2014). Relationship Satisfaction. Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research, 5437–5443. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_2455
Khaddouma, A., & Gordon, K. C. (2018). Mindfulness and young adult dating relationship stability: A longitudinal path analysis. Mind-fulness, 9, 1529–1542. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0901-8
Kozlowski, A. (2013). Mindful mating: Exploring the connection between mindfulness and relationship satisfaction. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 28(1-2), 92-104.
Lee, W. S., & McKinnish, T. (2018). The marital satisfaction of differently aged couples. Journal of Population Economics, 31(2), 337–362. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-017-0658-8
McGill, J., Adler-Baeder, F., & Rodriguez, P. (2016). Mindfully in love: A meta-analysis of the association between mindfulness and relationship satisfaction. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 4(1), 89 -101.
Muhammad, D. (2014). American money: love, finance, and preparing for marriage. The Crisis, pg 52.
Naderi, L., & Nory, A. (2017). The prediction of marital satisfaction of couples in isfahan based on empathy and forgiveness. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology, 16(4), 69-75.
Orathinkal, J., & Vansteenwegen, A. (2006). The effect of forgiveness on marital satisfaction in relation to marital stability. Contemporary Family Therapy, 28(2), 251-260.
Overall, N. C., Fletcher, G. J., & Simpson, J. A. (2010). Helping each other grow: Romantic partner support, self-improvement, and relationship quality. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 (11), 1496-1513.
Prawitz, A. D., Garman, E. T., Sorhaindo, B., O’Neill, B., Kim, J., & Drentea, P. (2006). The InCharge financial distress/financial well- being scale: Development, administration, and score interpretation. Financial Counseling and Planning, 17(1), 34-50.
Sedaghatnia, S., Lamit, H., Ghahramanpouri, A., & Mohamad, S. (2013). An evaluation of residents' quality of life through neighborhood satisfaction in Malaysia. Environmental Management and Sustain-able Development, 2(1), 114-125.
Smith, A. R. (2015). Mindfulness and marital satisfaction: Direct and indirect effects (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University).
Sorokowski, P., Randall, A. K., Groyecka, A., Frackowiak, T., Cantarero, K., Hilpert, P., ... & Sorokowska, A. (2017). Marital satisfaction, sex, age, marriage duration, religion, number of children, economic status, education, and collectivistic values: Data from 33 countries. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1199.
Tavakol, Z., Nikbakht Nasrabadi, A., Behboodi Moghadam, Z., Sale-hiniya, H., & Rezaei, E. (2017). A review of the factors associated with marital satisfaction. Galen Medical Journal, 6(3).
Teimourpour, N., Moshtagh Bidokhti, N., & Pourshanbaz, A. The Relationship Between Attachment Styles, Marital Satisfaction and Sex Guilt with Sexual Desire in Iranian Women. Practice in Clinical Psychology, 1(1), 17-24.
Thoresen, R. J., & Goldsmith, E. B. (1987). The relationship between army families‟ financial well – being and depression, general well – being, and marital satisfaction. The Journal of Social Psychology, 127(5), 545 – 547.
Yusoff, A. M., Khan, A., Latif, A. A., & Aziz, D. A. (2019). Coping Strategies as a Mediator Between Stress and Marital Quality among Postrgraduate Students. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(4), 1382-1387.
Zainah, A. Z., Nasir, R., Hashim, R. S., & Yusof, N. M. (2012). Effects of demographic variables on marital satisfaction. Asian Social Science, 8(9), 46-49.
Ziaee, T., Jannati, Y., Mobasheri, E., Taghavi, T., Abdollahi, H., Modanloo, M., & Behnampour, N. (2014). The relationship between marital and sexual satisfaction among married women employees at Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 8(2), 44-51.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Athirah Yasmin Mohd Shakir
1
ORCID: ORCID
Dzilal Abdul Aziz
1
Suwathi Carmergam
1

  1. Management & Science University, Malaysia
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

Many studies have investigated the relationship between mindfulness and creativity; however, there are a limited number of studies on the neurological basis of this therapeutic approach using electroencephalogram (EEG). This study aimed at evaluating the effect of mindfulness on improving the creativity of healthy individuals. In this study, 7 healthy subjects (1 male and 6 females) with a mean age of 40.37 years and a standard deviation of 14.52 years received group mindfulness training for 8 weeks. They had no experience of mindfulness training up to that time. Before and after mindfulness training, EEG signal was recorded from all participants in eyes-closed and eyes-open conditions on Fz, C3, C4, and Pz electrodes. After data preprocessing, wavelet coefficients were extracted from each frequency band of EEG signal and evaluated using paired sample t-test and correlation methods. The gamma-band on C3 (t = 2.89, p=0.03) and Pz (t= 2.54, P = 0.04) significantly increased as a result of mindfulness training. Also, significant correlations were found between the anxiety and the gamma band in Pz (r = 0.76, P = 0.04) and Fz (r = 0.75, P = 0.04) channels and between arousal and the gamma band in the Fz channel (r=0.88, P = 0.008). Mindfulness training to promote creativity leads to the increase of gamma bands in the central and parietal regions.
Go to article

Bibliography


Abootalebi, V., Moradi, M. H., & Khalilzadeh, M. A. (2009). A new approach for EEG feature extraction in P300-based lie detection. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 94(1), 48–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmpb.2008.10.001
Ademoglu, A., Micheli-Tzanakou, E., & Istefanopulos, Y. (1997). Analysis of pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (PRVEP’S) by spline wavelets. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 44(9), 881–890. https://doi.org/10.1109/10.623057
Aftanas, L. I., & Golocheikine, S. A. (2001). Human anterior and frontal midline theta and lower alpha reflect emotionally positive state and internalized attention: High-resolution EEG investigation of medita-tion. Neuroscience Letters, 310(1), 57–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3940(01)02094-8
Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, Vol. 10, pp. 125–143. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy/bpg015
Beik, M., Taheri, H., Saberi Kakhki, A., & Ghoshuni, M. (2020). Neural Mechanisms of the Contextual Interference Effect and Parameter Similarity on Motor Learning in Older Adults: An EEG Study. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 12(June), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2020.00173
Berkovich-Ohana, A., Glicksohn, J., & Goldstein, A. (2012). Mind-fulness-induced changes in gamma band activity - Implications for the default mode network, self-reference and attention. Clinical Neurophysiology, 123(4), 700–710. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2011.07.048
Bidin, L., Pigaiani, L., Casini, M., Seghini, P., & Cavanna, L. Feasibility of a trial with Tibetan Singing Bowls, and suggested benefits in metastatic cancer patients. A pilot study in an Italian Oncology Unit. , 8 European Journal of Integrative Medicine § (2016).
Cahn, R. B., Polich, J., Cahn, B. R., & Polich, J. (2013). Meditation states and traits: EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies. TL - 1. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1 VN-re(S), 48. https://doi.org/10.1037/2326-5523.1.s.48
Crivelli, D., Fronda, G., Venturella, I., & Balconi, M. (2019). Supporting Mindfulness Practices with Brain-Sensing Devices. Cognitive and Electrophysiological Evidences. Mindfulness, 10(2), 301–311. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0975-3
Dehghani, S., Amini, K., Shakibazade, E., Faghihzade, S., & Hashem Zade, M. (2015). Effects Of Two Heart Meditation Exercise On Anxiety Among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Preventive Care in Nursing & Midwifery Journal, 4(2), 56–65.
Delorme, A., & Makeig, S. (2004). EEGLAB: An open source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics including independent component analysis. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 134(1), 9–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2003.10.009
Demiralp, T., Yordanova, J., & Kolev, V. (1999). Demiralp99b. 145, 1– 17. Retrieved from papers3://publication/uuid/E9AB3BFE-6460-410B-B907-E3A4ECD94526
Ghoshuni, M., Firoozabadi, M., Khalilzadeh, M., & Hashemi Golpaye-Gani, S. M. R. (2013). Variation of Wavelet Entropy in Electro-encephalogram Signal during Neurofeedback Training. Complexity, 18. https://doi.org/10.1002/cplx.21423
Ivanovski, B., & Malhi, G. S. (2007). The psychological and neurophysiological concomitants of mindfulness forms of medita-tion. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 19(2), 76–91. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5215.2007.00175.x
Kabat Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness/ (Delta trad). Retrieved from https://library.villanova.edu/Find/Record/1428324
Kelly, B. D. (2008). Meditation, mindfulness and mental health. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, Vol. 25, pp. 3–4. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0790966700010752
Lomas, T., Ivtzan, I., & Fu, C. H. Y. (2015). A systematic review of the neurophysiology of mindfulness on EEG oscillations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 401–410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.09.018
Luft, C. D. B., Zioga, I., Banissy, M. J., & Bhattacharya, J. (2019). Spontaneous visual imagery during meditation for creating visual art: An EEG and brain stimulation case study. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(FEB), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00210
Michael Murphy, Steven Donovan, E. T. (1997). The physical and psychological effects of meditation: A Review of Contemporary Research. The Physical and Psychological Effects of Meditation: A Review of Contemporary Research With a Comprehensive Bibliography, 1931-1996, 1–23. Retrieved from http://noetic.org/ sites/default/files/uploads/files/Meditation_Intro.pdf
Oh, Y., Chesebrough, C., Erickson, B., Zhang, F., & Kounios, J. (2020). An insight-related neural reward signal. NeuroImage, 214(August 2019), 116757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116757
Pour Afrouz, A. Rajai, A. (2018). The construction and psychometric standardization of the irritability questionnaire is a psychoanalysis of Islamic Azad University (pp. 1–13). pp. 1–13. https://doi.org/EPCONF06_132
Ramalingam, V., Cheng, K. S., Sidhu, M. S., & Foong, L. P. (2019). A pilot study: Neurophysiological study on the effect of chronic ankle pain intervene with video assisted mindful deep breathing. 2018 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, IECBES 2018 - Proceedings, 388–393. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECBES.2018.08626731
Ratcliff, C. G., Prinsloo, S., Chaoul, A., Zepeda, S. G., Cannon, R., Spelman, A., … Cohen, L. (2019). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Brief Mindfulness Meditation for Women Undergoing Stereotactic Breast Biopsy. Journal of the American College of Radiology, 16(5), 691–699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2018.09.009
Rokke, P., & Robinson, M. (2006). Book review. Clinical Psychology Review, 26(5), 654–655. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2006.03.001
Rosen, D. S., Oh, Y., Erickson, B., Zhang, F. (Zoe), Kim, Y. E., & Kounios, J. (2020). Dual-process contributions to creativity in jazz improvisations: An SPM-EEG study. NeuroImage, 213(February), 116632. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116632
Rosso, O. A., Blanco, S., Yordanova, J., Kolev, V., Figliola, A., Schürmann, M., & Ba ar, E. (2001). Wavelet entropy: A new tool for analysis of short duration brain electrical signals. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 105(1), 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0270(00)00356-3
Rubia, K. (2009). The neurobiology of Meditation and its clinical effectiveness in psychiatric disorders. Biological Psychology, Vol. 82, pp. 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.04.003
Sairamya, N. J., Premkumar, M. J., George, S. T., & Subathra, M. S. P. (2019). Performance Evaluation of Discrete Wavelet Transform, and Wavelet Packet Decomposition for Automated Focal and Generalized Epileptic Seizure Detection. IETE Journal of Research, 0(0), 1– 21. https://doi.org/10.1080/03772063.2019.1568206
Sibalis, A., Milligan, K., Pun, C., McKeough, T., Schmidt, L. A., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2019). An EEG Investigation of the Attention- Related Impact of Mindfulness Training in Youth With ADHD: Outcomes and Methodological Considerations. Journal of Attention Disorders, 23(7), 733–743. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054717719535
Stevens, C. E., & Zabelina, D. L. (2019). Creativity comes in waves: an EEG-focused exploration of the creative brain. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 27, 154–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cobe-ha.2019.02.003
Taren, A. A., Gianaros, P. J., Greco, C. M., Lindsay, E. K., Fairgrieve, A., Brown, K. W., … Creswell, J. D. (2017). Mindfulness Meditation Training and Executive Control Network Resting State Functional Connectivity: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 79(6), 674–683. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000466
Tarrant, J., Viczko, J., & Cope, H. (2018). Virtual reality for anxiety reduction demonstrated by quantitative EEG: A pilot study. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(JUL). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01280
Thought Technology Ltd. (2016). FlexComp System with/ BioGraph Infiniti Software – T7555M. Thoughttechnology.Com. Retrieved from http://thoughttechnology.com/index.php/flexcomp-system-with-biograph-infiniti-software-t7555m.html
Wong, K. F., Teng, J., Chee, M. W. L., Doshi, K., & Lim, J. (2018). Positive effects of mindfulness-based training on energy maintenance and the EEG correlates of sustained attention in a cohort of nurses. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience,
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Mahdieh Naderan
1
Majid Ghoshuni
1
ORCID: ORCID
Elham Pour Afrouz
2

  1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
  2. Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate four sources of implied motion in static images (a moving object as the source of implied motion, hand movements of the image creator as the source of implied motion, past experiences of the observer as the source of implied motion, and fictive movement of a point across an image as the source of implied motion). In the experiment of the study, participants orally described 16 static images that appeared on the screen of a computer. The aim was to find whether participants had used any motion-related word to describe each image. It was assumed that using motion-related words to describe a static image was an indication that the image had created a sense of motion for the observer. These results indicated that all four types of implied motion could create a significant sense of motion for the observer. Based on these results, it is suggested that observing these images could lead to simulating the actions involved in those motion events and the activation of the motor system. Finally, it is proposed that the three characteristics of being rule-based (clearly-defined), continuous, and gradual are critical in perceiving that image as a fictive motion.
Go to article

Bibliography


Babcock, M. K., & Freyd, J. J. (1988). Perception of dynamic information in static handwritten forms. The American Journal of Psychology, 101(1), 111–130.
Carlile, S., & Leung, J. (2016). The perception of auditory motion. Trends in Hearing, 20(1), 1-19.
Cattaneo, Z., Schiavi, S., Silvanto, J., & Nadal M. (2017). A TMS study on the contribution of visual area V5 to the perception of implied motion in art and its appreciation. Cognitive Neuroscience, 8(1), 59- 68. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2015.1083968.
Chen, I. H., Zhao, Q., Long, Y., Lu, Q., & Huang, C. R. (2019). Mandarin Chinese modality exclusivity norms. PLoS ONE,14, e0211336. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211336
Filipović Đurđević, D. F., Popović Stijačić, M., & Karapandžić, J. (2016). A quest for sources of perceptual richness: Several candidates. In S Halupka-Rešetar & S. Martínez-Ferreiro (Eds.), Studies in language and mind (pp. 187–238). Novi Sad, Serbia: Filozofski fakultet uNovom Sadu.
Freyd, J. J. (1983a). Representing the dynamics of a static form. Memory & Cognition, 11(4), 342-346.
Freyd, J. J. (1983b). The mental representation of movement when static stimuli are viewed. Perception & Psychophysics, 33(6), 575- 581.
Futterweit, L. R., & Beilin, H. (1994). Recognition memory for movement in photographs: A developmental study. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 57(2), 163-179.
Gallese, V., & Lakoff, G. (2005). The brain’s concepts: The role of the sensory-motor system in conceptual knowledge. Cognitive Neuro-psychology, 22(3), 455-479.
Getzmann, S., & Lewald, J. (2009). Constancy of target velocity as a critical factor in the emergence of auditory and visual representa-tional momentum. Experimental Brain Research, 193(3), 437–443. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-008-1641-0
James, K. H., & Gauthier, I. (2006). Letter processing automatically recruits a sensory‐motor brain network. Neuropsychologia, 44(14), 2937– 2949.
Hubbard, T. L. (2005). Representational momentum and related displacements in spatial memory: A review of the findings. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12(5), 822-851.
Hubbard, T. L. (2018). Influences on representational momentum. In T. L. Hubbard (Ed.). Spatial Biases in Perception and Cogni-tion (pp. 121-138). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Hubbard, T. L. (2019). Momentum-like effects and the dynamics of perception, cognition, and action. Attention, Perception, & Psycho-physics, 81(3), 2155–2170. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01770-z
Kim, C. Y., & Blake, R. (2007). Seeing what you understand: Brain activity accompanying perception of implied motion in abstract paintings. Spatial Vision, 20(6), 545–560.
Kourtzi, Z., & Kanwisher, N. (2000). Activation in human MT/MST by static images with implied motion. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(1), 48–55.
Langacker, R. W. (1986). Abstract motion. Proceedings of the 12th annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (p. 455– 471). Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society. Langacker, R. W. (1999). Grammar and Conceptualization. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Leyton, M. (1989). Inferring causal history from shape. Cognitive Science, 13(3), 357-387.
Longcamp, M., Anton, J. L., Roth, M., & Velay, J. L. (2003). Visual presentation of single letters activates a premotor area involved in writing. Neuroimage, 19(4), 1492– 1500.
Longcamp, M., Hlushchuk, Y., & Hari, R. (2011). What differs in visual recognition of handwritten vs. printed letters? An fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 32(8), 1250-1259.
Lorteije, J. A., Barraclough, N. E., Jellema, T., Raemaekers, M., Duijnhouwer, J., Xiao, D., et al. (2010). Implied motion activation in cortical area MT can be explained by visual low-level features. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(6), 1533-1548.
Lorteije, J. A., Kenemans, J. L., Jellema, T., van der Lubbe, R. H., de Heer, F., & van Wezel, R. J. (2006). Delayed response to animate implied motion in human motion processing areas. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(2),158–168.
Lorteije, J. A., Kenemans, J. L., Jellema, T., van der Lubbe, R. H., Lommers, M. W., & vanWezel, R. J. (2007). Adaptation to real motion reveals direction-selective interactions between real and implied motion processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(8), 1231–1240.
Matlock, T. (2004). The conceptual motivation of fictive motion. In G. Radden & R. Dirven (eds.), Motivation in Grammar, 221–248. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Matlock, T. (2010). Abstract motion is no longer abstract. Language and Cognition, 2(2), 243–260.
Matsumoto, Y. (1996). Subjective motion and English and Japanese verbs. Cognitive Linguistics, 7(2), 183–226.
Miklashevsky, A. (2018). Perceptual experience norms for 506 Russian nouns: Modality rating, spatial localization, manipulability, image-ability and other variables. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 47, 641–661.
Mishra, R. (2009). Interaction of language and visual attention: Evidence from production and comprehension. Progress in Brain Research, 176, 277–292.
Osaka, N., Matsuyoshia, D., Ikeda, T., & Osaka, M. (2010). Implied motion because of instability in Hokusai Manga activates the human motion-sensitive extrastriate visual cortex: An fMRI study of the impact of visual art. NeuroReport, 21(4), 264–267.
Pavan, A., Cuturi, L. F., Maniglia, M., Casco, C., & Campana, G. (2011). Implied motion from static photographs influences the perceived position of stationary objects. Vision Research, 51(1), 187-94. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2010.11.004.
Rojo, A., & Valenzuela, J. (2003). Fictive motion in English and Spanish. International Journal of English Studies, 3(2), 123–150.
Saygin, A. P., McCullough, S., Alac, M., & Emmorey, K. (2010). Modulation of BOLD response in motion sensitive lateral temporal cortex by real and fictive motion sentences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(11), 2480–2490.
Sbriscia-Fioretti, B., Berchio, C., Freedberg, D., Gallese, V., Umiltà, M. A. (2013). ERP modulation during observation of abstract paintings by Franz Kline. PLoS One. 8(10):e75241. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0075241.
Senior, C., Barnes, J., Giampietro, V., Simmons, A., Bullmore, E. T., Brammer, M., et al. (2000). The functional neuroanatomy of implicit- motion perception or representational momentum. Current Biology, 10(1), 16–22.
Speed, L. J., & Majid, A. (2017). Dutch modality exclusivity norms: Simulating perceptual modality in space. Behavior Research Methods,49, 2204–2218.
Talmy, L. (1996). Fictive motion in language and “ception”. In P. Bloom, M. A. Peterson, L. Nadel & M. F. Garrett (eds.), Language and Space, 211–276. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Thakral, P. P., Moo, L. R., & Slotnick, S. D. (2012). A neural mechanism for aesthetic experience. Neuroreport, 23(5), 310-313. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e328351759f.
Umilta', M. A., Berchio, C., Sestito, M., Freedberg, D., & Gallese, V. (2012). Abstract art and cortical motor activation: an EEG study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 311. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2012.00311
Wallentin, M., Lund, T. E., Østergaard, S., Østergaard, L., & Roepstorff, A. (2005). Motion verb sentences activate left posterior middle temporal cortex despite static context. NeuroReport, 16(6), 649-652.
Williams, A. L., & Wright, M. J. (2010). Static representations of speed and their neural correlates in human area MT/V5. NeuroReport, 20(16), 1466–1470.
Winawer, J., Huk, A. C., & Boroditsky, L. (2008). A motion aftereffect from still photographs depicting motion. Psychological Science, 19 (3), 276–283.
Zhao, X., Wang, J., Li, J., Luo, G., Li, T., Chatterjee, A., Zhang, W., & He, X. (2020). The neural mechanism of aesthetic judgments of dynamic landscapes: an fMRI study. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 20774. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77658-y
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Omid Khatin-Zadeh
1

  1. School of Foreign Languages, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The misinformation effect is influenced by many mnestic and non-mnestic factors. This article concerns the role of two of them: 1) state anxiety, defined as a situational experience of anxiety; 2) memory distrust, understood as a constant tendency to negatively evaluate one's memory. Both factors are relevant in the situation of being a witness and are believed to have a negative effect on the magnitude of the misinformation effect. In the present research, participants’ state anxiety had an immunizing effect against misinformation. As for memory distrust, no relationship was found between negative evaluation of memory and susceptibility to misinformation. The results confirm the beneficial effect of anxiety on resisting misinformation and demonstrate a greater need for further explorations concerning memory distrust.
Go to article

Bibliography


Ayers, M. S., & Reder, L. M. (1998). A theoretical review of the misinformation effect: Predictions from an activation-based memory model. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 5(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03209454
Bar-Haim, Y., Lamy, D., Pergamin, L., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (2007). Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: A meta-analytic study. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.1
Bensi, L., & Giusberti, F. (2007). Trait anxiety and reasoning under uncertainty. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(4), 827–838. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.02.007
Blank, H. (1998). Memory states and memory tasks: An integrative framework for eyewitness memory and suggestibility. Memory, 6(5), 481–529. https://doi.org/10.1080/741943086
Boelen, P. A., & Reijntjes, A. (2009). Intolerance of uncertainty and social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(1), 130–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.04.007
Brewer, N., & Wells, G. L. (2011). Eyewitness identification. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(1), 24–27. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721410389169
Cline, M. E., Herman, J., Shaw, E. R., & Morton, R. D. (1992). Standardization of the Visual Analogue Scale. Nursing Research, 41(6), 378–380. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-199211000-00013
Cohen, R. L., & Harnick, M. A. (1980). The susceptibility of child witnesses to suggestion: An empirical study. Law and Human Behavior, 4(3), 201–210. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01040318
Commissaris, C. J. a. M., Ponds, R. W. H. M., & Jolles, J. (1998). Subjective forgetfulness in a normal Dutch population: Possibilities for health education and other interventions. Patient Education and Counseling, 34(1), 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0738-3991(98)00040-8
Constans, J. I., Penn, D. L., Ihen, G. H., & Hope, D. A. (1999). Interpretive biases for ambiguous stimuli in social anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37(7), 643–651. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967(98)00180-6
Dalton, A. L., & Daneman, M. (2006). Social suggestibility to central and peripheral misinformation. Memory, 14(4), 486–501. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210500495073
Derakshan, N., & Eysenck, M. W. (1997). Interpretive biases for one’s own behavior and physiology in high-trait-anxious individuals and repressors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4), 816–825. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.73.4.816
Derryberry, D., & Reed, M. A. (2002). Anxiety-related attentional biases and their regulation by attentional control. Journal of abnormal psychology, 111(2), 225–236. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021- 843X.111.2.225
Duncan, E. M., Whitney, P., & Kunen, S. (1982). Integration of visual and verbal information in children’s memories. Child Development, 53(5), 1215–1123. https://doi.org/10.2307/1129008
Eisen, M. L., Gabbert, F., Ying, R., & Williams, J. (2017). „I think he had a tattoo on his neck”: How co-witness discussions about a perpe-trator’s description can affect eyewitness identification decisions. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 6(3), 274– 282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2017.01.009
Eysenck, M. W., & Calvo, M. G. (1992). Anxiety and performance: The processing efficiency theory. Cognition and Emotion, 6(6), 409–434. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699939208409696
Eysenck, M. W., Derakshan, N., Santos, R., & Calvo, M. G. (2007). Anxiety and cognitive performance: Attentional control theory. Emotion, 7(2), 336–353. https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.7.2.336
Frost, P., Ingraham, M., & Wilson, B. (2002). Why misinformation is more likely to be recognised over time: A source monitoring account. Memory, 10(3), 179–185. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210143000317
Goodwin, K. A., Kukucka, J. P., & Hawks, I. M. (2013). Co‐witness confidence, conformity, and eyewitness memory: An examination of normative and informational social influences. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27(1), 91–100. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.2877
Graeff, F. G., Parente, A., Del-Ben, C. M., & Guimarães, F. S. (2003). Pharmacology of human experimental anxiety. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 36(4), 421–432. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2003000400003
Gudjonsson, G. H. (2003). The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions: A Handbook. Chichester: Jon Wiley & Sons.
Gudjonsson, G. H., & Clark, N. K. (1986). Suggestibility in police interrogation: A social psychological model. Social Behaviour, 1(2), 83–104.
Gudjonsson, G. H., & MacKeith, J. A. C. (1982). False confessions: Psychological effects of interrogation. W: A. Trankell (red.), Reconstructing the past: The role of psychologists in criminal trials (p. 253-269). Zuidpoolsingel: Kluwer Law International.
Gudjonsson, G. H., Kopelman, M. D., & MacKeith, J. A. C. (1999). Unreliable admissions to homicide: A case of misdiagnosis of amnesia and misuse of abreaction technique. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 455–459. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.174.5.455
Gudjonsson, G. H., Sigurdsson, J. F., Sigurdardottir, A. S., Steinthorsson, H., & Sigurdardottir, V. M. (2014). The role of memory distrust in cases of internalised false confession. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28(3), 336–348. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3002
Hayes, A. F. (2018). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. A regression-based approach. (second edition) New York: The Guilford Press.
Hoscheidt, S. M., LaBar, K. S., Ryan, L., Jacobs, W. J., & Nadel, L. (2014). Encoding negative events under stress: High subjective arousal is related to accurate emotional memory despite misinforma-tion exposure. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 112, 237– 247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nlm.2013.09.008
Kuczek, M., Szpitalak, M., & Polczyk, R. (2018). Psychometric properties and correlates of the Polish version of the Squire Subjective Memory Questionnaire (SSMQ). Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 271–275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.05.021
Lindsay, D. S., & Johnson, M. K. (1989). The eyewitness suggestibility effect and memory for source. Memory & Cognition, 17(3), 349–358. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03198473
Loftus, E. F., Miller, D. G., & Burns, H. J. (1978). Semantic integration of verbal information into a visual memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4(1), 19–31. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.4.1.19
Luna, K., & Martín-Luengo, B. (2012). Improving the Accuracy of Eyewitnesses in the Presence of Misinformation with the Plurality Option. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(5), 687–693. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.2845
MacLeod, C., & Cohen, I. L. (1993). Anxiety and the interpretation of ambiguity: A text comprehension study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102(2), 238–247. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.102.2.238
Mathews, A., May, J., Mogg, K., & Eysenck, M. (1990). Attentional bias in anxiety: Selective search or defective filtering? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99(2), 166–173. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.99.2.166
McEvoy, P. M., & Mahoney, A. E. J. (2012). To be sure, to be sure: Intolerance of uncertainty mediates symptoms of various anxiety disorders and depression. Behavior Therapy, 43(3), 533–545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2011.02.007
McNair, D. M., Frankenthaler, L. M., Czerlinsky, T., White, T. W., Sasson, S., & Fisher, S. (1982). Simulated public speaking as a model of clinical anxiety. Psychopharmacology, 77(1), 7–10. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00436092
Mogg, K., Mathews, A., & Eysenck, M. (1992). Attentional bias to threat in clinical anxiety states. Cognition and Emotion, 6(2), 149–159. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699939208411064
Nitschke, J. P., Chu, S., Pruessner, J. C., Bartz, J. A., & Sheldon, S. (2019). Post-learning stress reduces the misinformation effect: Effects of psychosocial stress on memory updating. Psychoneuro-endocrinology, 102, 164–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psy-neuen.2018.12.008
Pickrell, J. E., McDonald, D.-L., Bernstein, D. M., & Loftus, E. F. (2017). Misinformation effect. W R. F. Pohl (Red.), Cognitive illusions: Intriguing phenomena in thinking, judgment and memory., 2nd ed. (2016-19747-023; s. 406–423). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
Polczyk, R. (2007). Mechanizmy efektu dezinformacji w kontekście zeznań świadka naocznego [Mechanisms of the misinformation effect in the context of witness testimony]. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
Polczyk, R. (2017). The ‘memory’ misinformation effect may not be caused by memory failures : exploring memory states of misinformed subjects. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 48(3), 388-400. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ppb-2017-0045
Ridley, A. M., & Clifford, B. R. (2004). The effects of anxious mood induction on suggestibility to misleading post-event information. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18(2), 233–244. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.963
Ridley, A. M., & Clifford, B. R. (2006). Suggestibility and state anxiety: How the two concepts relate in a source identification paradigm. Memory, 14(1), 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210444000494
Ridley, A. M., Clifford, B. R., & Keogh, E. (2002). The effects of state anxiety on the suggestibility and accuracy of child eyewitnesses. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16(5), 547–558. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.813
Skagerberg, E. M., & Wright, D. B. (2008). The prevalence of co- witnesses and co-witness discussions in real eyewitnesses. Psychol-ogy, Crime & Law, 14(6), 513-521. https://doi.org/10.1080/10683160801948980
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R. E. (1970). The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Test Manual for Form X. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Squire, L. R., Wetzel, C. D., & Slater, P. C. (1979). Memory complaint after electroconvulsive therapy: Assessment with a new self-rating instrument. Biological Psychiatry, 14(5), 791–801.
Tousignant, J. P., Hall, D., & Loftus, E. F. (1986). Discrepancy detection and vulnerability to misleading postevent information. Memory & Cognition, 14(4), 329–338. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03202511
van Bergen, S., Brands, I., Jelicic, M., & Merckelbach, H. (2010). Assessing trait memory distrust: Psychometric properties of the Squire Subjective Memory Questionnaire. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15(2), 373–384. https://doi.org/10.1348/135532509X471960
van Bergen, S., Jelicic, M., & Merckelbach, H. (2008). Interrogation techniques and memory distrust. Psychology, Crime & Law, 14(5), 425–434. https://doi.org/10.1080/10683160701822533
van Bergen, S., Jelicic, M., & Merckelbach, H. (2009). Are subjective memory problems related to suggestibility, compliance, false memories, and objective memory performance? The American Journal of Psychology, 122(2), 249–257.
VanOss Marin, B., Holmes, D. L., Guth, M., & Kovac, P. (1979). The potential of children as eyewitnesses: A comparison of children and adults on eyewitness tasks. Law and Human Behavior, 3(4), 295– 306. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01039808
Wade, K. A., Green, S. L., & Nash, R. A. (2010). Can fabricated evidence induce false eyewitness testimony?. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24(7), 899-908. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1607
Wilson, E. J., MacLeod, C., Mathews, A., & Rutherford, E. M. (2006). The causal role of interpretive bias in anxiety reactivity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(1), 103–111. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.115.1.103
Wright, D. B., London, K., & Waechter, M. (2010). Social anxiety moderates memory conformity in adolescents. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24(7), 1034–1045. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1604
Wright, D. B., Memon, A., Skagerberg, E. M., & Gabbert, F. (2009). When eyewitnesses talk. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18(3), 174–178. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01631.x
Wrześniewski, K., Sosnowski, T. (1996). Inwentarz stanu I cechy lęku (ISCL). Polska adaptacja STAI. [The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Polish adaptaion.] Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych.
Zaragoza, M. S., & Lane, S. M. (1994). Source misattributions and the suggestibility of eyewitness memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20(4), 934–945. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.20.4.934
Zhu, B., Chen, C., Loftus, E. F., Lin, C., He, Q., Chen, C., Li, H., Xue, G., Lu, Z., & Dong, Q. (2010). Individual differences in false memory from misinformation: Cognitive factors. Memory, 18(5), 543–555. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2010.487051
Zhu, B., Chen, C., Loftus, E. F., Lin, C., He, Q., Chen, C., Li, H., Moyzis, R. K., Lessard, J., & Dong, Q. (2010). Individual differences in false memory from misinformation: Personality characteristics and their interactions with cognitive abilities. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(8), 889–894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010 .02.016
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Marta Kuczek
1
Malwina Szpitalak
1
ORCID: ORCID
Romuald Polczyk
1

  1. Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

This research aims to explore the associations of maternal anxiously attached feelings towards the child, parenting stress, and negative parenting among Chinese mothers with school-aged children. 105 Chinese mothers participated in it. The study utilized the modified anxious attachment subscale in Experiences in Close Relationships Scale, the Parenting Stress Index, and the subscale of authoritarian parenting in The Short Version of Parenting Style and Dimension Questionnaire. It found that parenting stress played a mediator role in the relationship between parents’ anxiously attached feelings towards a child and negative parenting. These results highlight the importance of intervention programs aiming for parenting stress management.
Go to article

Bibliography


Allison, S. J., Stafford, J., & Anumba, D. O. C. (2011). The effect of stress and anxiety associated with maternal prenatal diagnosis on feto-maternal attachment. BMC Women’s Health, 11(1), 33.
Bolwby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Vol. I: Attachment. New York: Basic.
Brennan, K. A., Clark, C. L., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Self-report measurement of adult attachment: An integrative overview.
Brenning, K., Soenens, B., Braet, C., & Bosmans, G. (2011). An adaptation of the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised for use with children and adolescents. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 28(8), 1048–1072.
Bretherton, I. (1990). Communication patterns, internal working models, and the intergenerational transmission of attachment relationships. Infant Mental Health Journal, 11(3), 237–252.
Britton, H. L., Gronwaldt, V., & Britton, J. R. (2001). Maternal postpartum behaviors and mother-infant relationship during the first year of life. The Journal of Pediatrics, 138(6), 905–909.
Camisasca, E., Miragoli, S., & Di Blasio, P. (2014). Is the relationship between marital adjustment and parenting stress mediated or moderated by parenting alliance?
Cassidy, J. (1994). Emotion regulation: Influences of attachment relationships. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59(2‐3), 228–249.
Cooke, J. E., Kochendorfer, L. B., Stuart-Parrigon, K. L., Koehn, A. J., & Kerns, K. A. (2019). Parent-child attachment and children’s experience and regulation of emotion: A meta-analytic review. Emotion, 19(6), 1103–1126. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000504
Crawford, A. M., & Manassis, K. (2001). Familial predictors of treatment outcome in childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(10), 1182–1189.
Dallaire, D. H., Pineda, A. Q., Cole, D. A., Ciesla, J. A., Jacquez, F., LaGrange, B., & Bruce, A. E. (2006). Relation of positive and negative parenting to children’s depressive symptoms. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 35(2), 313–322.
Deater‐Deckard, K. (1998). Parenting stress and child adjustment: Some old hypotheses and new questions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5(3), 314–332.
DeKlyen, M., Speltz, M. L., & Greenberg, M. T. (1998). Fathering and early onset conduct problems: Positive and negative parenting, father–son attachment, and the marital context. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 1(1), 3–21.
Díaz-Herrero, Á., López-Pina, J. A., Pérez-López, J., de la Nuez, A. G. B., & Martínez-Fuentes, M. T. (2011). Validity of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form in a sample of Spanish fathers. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14(2), 990–997.
Drake, K. L., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2011). Parenting practices of anxious and nonanxious mothers: A multi-method, multi-informant approach. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 33(4), 299–321. https://doi.org/10.1080/07317107.2011.623101
Fernandes, D. V, Canavarro, M. C., & Moreira, H. (2021). The mediating role of parenting stress in the relationship between anxious and depressive symptomatology, mothers’ perception of infant tempera-ment, and mindful parenting during the postpartum period. Mind-fulness, 12(2), 275–290.
Finkenauer, C., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Parenting behaviour and adolescent behavioural and emotional problems: The role of self-control. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(1), 58–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 01650250444000333
Francis, D., Diorio, J., Liu, D., & Meaney, M. J. (1999). Nongenomic transmission across generations of maternal behavior and stress responses in the rat. Science, 286(5442), 1155-1158.
Fuller, J. R. (1990). Early patterns of maternal attachment. Health Care for Women International, 11(4), 433–446.
Haskett, M. E., Ahern, L. S., Ward, C. S., & Allaire, J. C. (2006). Factor structure and validity of the parenting stress index-short form. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 35(2), 302–312.
Huizink, A. C., Menting, B., De Moor, M. H. M., Verhage, M. L., Kunseler, F. C., Schuengel, C., & Oosterman, M. (2017). From prenatal anxiety to parenting stress: a longitudinal study. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 20(5), 663–672.
Ierardi, E., Ferro, V., Trovato, A., Tambelli, R., & Crugnola, C. R. (2019). Maternal and paternal depression and anxiety: their relation-ship with mother-infant interactions at 3 months. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 22(4), 527–533.
Jones, J. D., Brett, B. E., Ehrlich, K. B., Lejuez, C. W., & Cassidy, J. (2014). Maternal Attachment Style and Responses to Adolescents’ Negative Emotions: The Mediating Role of Maternal Emotion Regulation. Parenting, 14, 235–257. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2014.972760
Karrass, J., VanDeventer, M. C., & Braungart-Rieker, J. M. (2003). Predicting shared parent-child book reading in infancy. Journal of Family Psychology, 17(1), 134.
Kim, U., & Park, Y.-S. (2000). Confucianism and family values. Zeitschrift Für Erziehungswissenschaft, 3(2), 229–249. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11618-000-0023-6
Li, L., & Yang, J. (2006). Intergenerational Dynamics and Family Solidarity: A comparative study of mainland China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Sociological Studies, 078066.
Ma, Y., Ran, G., Chen, X., Ma, H., & Hu, N. (2017). Adult attachment styles associated with brain activity in response to infant faces in nulliparous women: An event-related potentials study. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(APR), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00627
Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in Infancy , Childhood , and Adulthood : A Move to the Level of Representation Mary Main ; Nancy Kaplan ; Jude Cassidy Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development , Vol . 50 , No . 1 / 2 , Growing Points of Attachment Theory and R. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1), 66–104.
Martins, C., Ayala-Nunes, L., Nunes, C., Pechorro, P., Costa, E., & Matos, F. (2018). Análisis confirmatorio de la versión reducida del Cuestionario de Dimensiones y Estilos Parentales (PSDQ) en una muestra portuguesa. European Journal of Education and Psychology, 11(2), 77. https://doi.org/10.30552/ejep.v11i2.223
Maskey, R., Fei, J., & Nguyen, H.-O. (2018). Use of exploratory factor analysis in maritime research. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 34(2), 91–111.
Maydeu-Olivares, A., Shi, D., & Rosseel, Y. (2018). Assessing Fit in Structural Equation Models: A Monte-Carlo Evaluation of RMSEA Versus SRMR Confidence Intervals and Tests of Close Fit. Structural Equation Modeling, 25(3), 389–402. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2017.1389611
Miller, R., & Gondoli, D. (2017). Mothers’ Parenting Stress Mediates the Relationship between Co-Parental Conflict and Parenting Behavior.
Misri, S., Kendrick, K., Oberlander, T. F., Norris, S., Tomfohr, L., Zhang, H., & Grunau, R. E. (2010). Antenatal depression and anxiety affect postpartum parenting stress: a longitudinal, prospective study. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(4), 222–228.
Morawska, A., & Sanders, M. R. (2007). Concurrent predictors of dysfunctional parenting and maternal confidence: Implications for parenting interventions. Child: Care, Health and Development, 33(6), 757–767. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2007.00758.x
Müller, M. E. (1994). A questionnaire to measure mother-to-infant attachment. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 2(2), 129–141. Neale, M. C., Lubke, G., Aggen, S. H., & Dolan, C. V. (2005). Problems with using sum scores for estimating variance components: Contamination and measurement noninvariance. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 8(6), 553–568. https://doi.org/10.1375/183242705774860231
Oliveira, T. D., Costa, D. de S., Albuquerque, M. R., Malloy-Diniz, L. F., Miranda, D. M., & de Paula, J. J. (2018). Cross-cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of the parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire – Short version (PSDQ) for use in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 40(4), 410–419. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2314
Pereira, J., Vickers, K., Atkinson, L., Gonzalez, A., Wekerle, C., & Levitan, R. (2012). Parenting stress mediates between maternal maltreatment history and maternal sensitivity in a community sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 36(5), 433–437.
Propper, C., & Moore, G. A. (2006). The influence of parenting on infant emotionality: A multi-level psychobiological perspective. Developmental Review, 26(4), 427–460.
Rezendes, D. L., & Scarpa, A. (2011). Associations between parental anxiety/depression and child behavior problems related to autism spectrum disorders: The roles of parenting stress and parenting self- efficacy. Autism Research and Treatment, 2011.
Riva Crugnola, C., Gazzotti, S., Spinelli, M., Ierardi, E., Caprin, C., & Albizzati, A. (2013). Maternal attachment influences mother-infant styles of regulation and play with objects at nine months. Attachment and Human Development, 15(2), 107–131. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2013.745712
Riva Crugnola, C., Ierardi, E., & Canevini, M. P. (2018). Reflective functioning, maternal attachment, mind-mindedness, and emotional availability in adolescent and adult mothers at infant 3 months. Attachment and Human Development, 20(1), 84–106. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2017.1379546
Safyer, P., Volling, B. L., Schultheiss, O. C., & Tolman, R. M. (2019). Adult attachment, implicit motives, and mothers’ and fathers’ parenting behaviors. Motivation Science, 5(3), 220–234. https://doi.org/10.1037/mot0000112
Schank, R. C. (1983). Dynamic memory: A theory of reminding and learning in computers and people. cambridge university press.
Shin, H., & Kim, Y. H. (2007). Maternal Attachment Inventory: Psychometric evaluation of the Korean version. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 59(3), 299–307. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04322.x
Sierau, S., Jungmann, T., & Herzberg, P. Y. (2013). First-time parenthood under socially disadvantaged conditions: Linking care-givers’ experiences of avoidance and relationship satisfaction with feelings of closeness to the infant. Journal of Family Studies, 19(2), 196–206. https://doi.org/10.5172/jfs.2013.19.2.196
Tilokskulchai, F., Phatthanasiriwethin, S., Vichitsukon, K., & Seri-sathien, Y. (2002). Attachment behaviors in mothers of premature infants: a descriptive study in Thai mothers. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing, 16(3), 69–83.
Turner, S. M., Beidel, D. C., Roberson-Nay, R., & Tervo, K. (2003). Parenting behaviors in parents with anxiety disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(5), 541–554. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00028-1
van Ee, E., Kleber, R. J., & Mooren, T. T. M. (2012). War trauma lingers on: Associations between maternal posttraumatic stress disorder, parent-child interaction, and child development. Infant Mental Health Journal, 33(5), 459–468. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21324
Wearden, A., Peters, I., Berry, K., Barrowclough, C., & Liversidge, T. (2008). Adult attachment, parenting experiences, and core beliefs about self and others. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 1246–1257.
Zhang, W. (2014). 文化维度视野下的中美家长教养子女观念与行为对比研究 . 成 都: 西南石油大学 2014.
Wu, Z. (2011). Xi bu di qu cheng xiang jing ji she hui yi ti hua zhi chi ti xi yan jiu. BEIJING BOOK CO. INC. (in Chinese)
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Yi Huang
1

  1. Masaryk University, Czech Republic
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether there are differences in the performance on simple and complex mathematical tasks depending on the personality traits and the presence of an audience. After completing the personality questionnaire, within the first experimental session, participants (N=70) solved one set of simple and one set of complex mathematical tasks. In the second session participants solved another set of simple and another set of complex tasks. In one of the sessions, participants were solving tasks in front of the audience, while in the other session the audience was absent. The results indicate that presence of an audience facilitates performance of those participants low on neuroticism, but only when they are solving simple tasks.
Go to article

Bibliography


Ahmad, S. N. (2019). The role of social facilitation theory on consumer decision making: A conceptual framework. American Journal of Management, 16(2), 80-89.
Aiello, J. R., & Douthitt, E. A. (2001). Social facilitation from Triplett to electronic performance monitoring. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 5(3), 163–180.
Allport, F. H. (1924). Social psychology. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.
Baron R. S. (1986). Distraction - conflict theory: Progress and problems. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (pp. 1-40). New York: Academic Press.
Baron, R. S., & Kerr, N. L. (2010). Group process, group decision, group action. New York: Open University Press.
Baumeister, R. F. (1999). On the interface between personality and social psychology. In O. P. Oliver & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (pp. 367-377). New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.
Beidel, D. C., Turner, S. M., & Dancu, C. V. (1985). Physiological, cognitive and behavioral aspects of social anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23(2), 109-117.
Bolger, N., & Schilling, E. A. (1991). Personality and the problems of everyday life: The role of neuroticism in exposure and reactivity to daily stressors. Journal of Personality, 59, 355-386.
Cacioppo, J. T., Rourke, T., Tassinary, L., Marshall-Goodall, B., & Baron, R. S. (1990). Rudimentary physiological effects of mere observation. Psychophysiology, 27, 177-186.
Carver, C. S., Sutton, S. K., & Scheier, M. F. (2000). Action, emotion, and personality: Emerging conceptual integration. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(6), 741–751.
Chapman, B. P., Duberstein, P. R., Sörensen, S., & Lyness, J. M. (2007). Gender differences in Five Factor Model personality traits in an elderly cohort. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(6), 1594- 1603.
Cheng, H., & Furnham, A. (2003). Personality, self-esteem, and demographic predictions of happiness and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 921–942.
Cimbolic Gunther, K., Cohen, L. H., & Armeli, S. (1999). The role of neuroticism in daily stress and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1087-1100.
Cohen J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. New York: Routledge Academic.
Constantinou, M., Bauer, L., Ashendorf, L., Fisher, J. M., & McCaffrey, R. J. (2005). Is poor performance on recognition memory effort measures indicative of generalized poor performance on neuropsy-chological tests?. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 20(2), 191- 198.
Costa Jr, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1990). Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Personality Disorders, 4(4), 362-371.
Costa Jr, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). The five-factor model of personality and its relevance to personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders, 6(4), 343-359.
Costa Jr, P. T., Terracciano, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2001). Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: Robust and surprising findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(2), 322.
Cotrell, N. B. (1968). Performance in the presence of other human beings: Mere presence and affiliation effects. In E. C. Simmel, R. A. Hoppe, & G. A. Milton (Eds.), Social facilitation and imitative behavior (pp. 91-110). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Cotrell, N. B. (1972). Social facilitation. In C. G. McClintock (Ed.), Experimental social psychology (pp. 185-236). New York: Holt.
Cox-Fuenzalida, L. E., Swickert, R., & Hittner, J. B. (2004). Effects of neuroticism and workload history on performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(2), 447-456.
Dashiell, J. F. (1935). Experimental studies of the influence of social situations on the behavior of individual human adults. In C. Murchison (Ed.), A handbook of social psychology (pp. 1097- 1158). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. Dube, S. K., & Tatz, S. J. (1991). Audience effects in tennis performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 73, 844-846.
Edwards, A. M., Dutton-Challis, L., Cottrell, D., Guy, J. H., & Hettinga, F. J. (2018). Impact of active and passive social facilitation on self- paced endurance and sprint exercise: Encouragement augments performance and motivation to exercise. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 4(1), 1-7. Emmerich, K., & Masuch, M. (2018, April). Watch me play: Does social facilitation apply to digital games?. In Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1-12).
Eysenck, H. J. (1982). The biological basis of cross-cultural differences in personality: Blood group antigens. Psychological Reports, 51(2), 531-540.
Eysenck, M. W., Derakshan, N., Santos, R., & Calvo, M. G. (2007). Anxiety and cognitive performance: Attentional control theory. Emotion, 7(2), 336 Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, M. W. (1985). Personality and individual differences. New York: Plenum Press.
Feingold, A. (1994). Gender differences in personality: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 116(3), 429.
Fergusson, D. M., & Horwood, L. J. (1987). Vulnerability to life events exposure. Psychological Medicine, 17(3), 739-749.
Forgas, J. P., Brennan, G., Howe, S., Kane, F. J., & Sweet, S. (1980). Audience effects on squash players` performance. Journal of Social Psychology, 111, 41-47.
Geen, R. G. (1980). The effects of being observed on performance. In P.B. Paulus (Ed.), Psychology of group influence (pp. 15-51). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Geen, R. G. (1985) Test anxiety and visual vigilance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 963–70.
Gomez, R., Gomez, A., & Cooper, A. (2002). Extraversion and neuroticism as predictors of negative and positive informational processing: Comparing Eysenenck’s, Gray’s and Newman’s theories. European Journal of Personality, 16(5), 54–58.
Grant, T., & Dajee, K. (2003). Types of task, types of audience, types of actor: Interactions between mere presence and personality type in a simple mathematical task. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 633-639.
Guerin, B. (1986). Mere presence effects in humans: A review. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 38-77.
Guerin, B. (1993). Social facilitation. Cambridge: University Press.
Guerin, B., & Innes, J. M. (1982). Social facilitation and social monitoring: A new look at Zajonc‘s mere presence hypothesis. British Journal of Social Psychology, 21, 7–18.
Harkins, S. G. (2006). Mere effort as the mediator of the evaluation- performance relationship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 436-455.
Halfmann, E., Bredehöft, J., & Häusser, J. A. (2020). Replicating roaches: A preregistered direct replication of Zajonc, Heingartner, and Herman’s (1969) social-facilitation study. Psychological Science, 31(3), 332-337.
Herman, C. P. (2015). The social facilitation of eating. A review. Appetite, 86, 61-73.
Higgs, S., & Ruddock, H. (2020) Social Influences on eating. In H. Meiselman, (Eds.), Handbook of eating and drinking (pp. 277- 291). Springer, Cham. Hollingsworth, H. L. (1935). The psychology of the audience. New York: American Book Company.
Horwitz, J. E., & McCaffrey, R. J. (2008). Effects of a third party observer and anxiety on tests of executive function. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 23(4), 409-417.
Hugnet, P., Galvaing, M. P., Monteil, J. M., & Dumas, F. (1999) Social presence effects in the Stroop task: Further evidence for an attentional view of social facilitation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1011-1025.
Hutchinson, J. G., & Ruiz, J. M. (2011). Neuroticism and cardiovascular response in women: Evidence of effects on blood pressure recovery. Journal of Personality, 79(2), 277-302.
Innes, J. M., & Gordon, M. I. (1985). The effect of mere presence and a mirror on performance motor task. Journal of Social Psychology, 125, 479-484.
John, O. P., Donahue, E. M., & Kentle, R. L. (1991). The Big Five Inventory–Versions 4a and 54. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Institute of personality and social research.
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big five trait taxonomy: History, measurement and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality, second edition: Theory and research (pp. 102-139). New York: The Guilford Press.
Jones, E. E. (1998). Major developments in five decades of social psychology. In D.T. Gilbert, T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (pp. 3-57). Boston, MA: McGraw- Hill Companies.
Kardum, I., Gračanin, A., & Hudek-Knežević, J. (2006). Odnos crta ličnosti i stilova privrženosti s različitim aspektima seksualnosti kod žena i muškaraca. Psihologijske teme, 15(1), 101-128
Kehrer, C. A., Sanchez, P. N., Habif, U., Rosenbaum, G. J., & Townes, B. D. (2000). Effects of a significant-other observer on neuropsy- chological test performance. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 14(1), 67-71.
Komarraju, M., Karau, S. J., Schmeck, R. R., & Avdić, A. (2011). The Big Five personality traits, learning styles, and academic achieve-ment. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 472-477.
Laird, B. K., Bailey, C. D., & Hester, K. (2018). The effects of monitoring environment on problem-solving performance. The Journal of Social Psychology, 158(2), 215-219.
Lynch, J. K. (2005). Effect of a third party observer on neuropsycho-logical test performance following closed head injury. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 4(2), 17-25.
Martin, M., Ward, J. C., & Clark, D. M. (1983). Neuroticism and the recall of positive and negative personality information. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21(5), 495-503.
Mathews, G. (2004) Neuroticism from the top down: Psychophysiology and negative emotionality. In R. Stelmack (Ed.), On the psychobiology of personality: Essays in honor of Marvin Zuckerman (pp. 249– 66). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.
Matthews, G. (2008). Personality and information processing: A cogni-tive-adaptive theory. Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment, 1, 56-79.
Mathews, G., Deary, I. J., & Whiteman, M. C. (2009). Stable traits and transient states. Personality Traits, 3, 85-120.
McFall, S. R., Jamieson, J. P., & Harkins, S. G. (2009). Testing the mere effort account of the evaluation-performance relationship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 135-154.
Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2007). Attachment in adulthood: Structure, dynamics, and change. New York: Guilford Press.
Neider, D. P., Fuse, M., & Suri, G. (2019). Cockroaches, performance, and an audience: Reexamining social facilitation 50 years later. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 85, Article 103851.
Nijstad, B. A. (2009). Group performance. East Sussex: Psychology Press.
Nijstad, B. A. (2013). Preformance. In J. M. Levine (Ed.), Group processes (pp. 193-214). New York: Psychology Press.
Oyibo, K., & Vassileva, J. (2019). The relationship between personality traits and susceptibility to social influence. Computers in Human Behavior, 98, 174-188.
Paivio, A. (1965). Personality and audience influence. In B. Maher (Ed.), Progress in experimental personality research (pp. 127-173). New York: Academic Press.
Pelham, B. W., & Swarm, W. B. Jr. (1989). From self-conceptions to self-worth: On the sources and structure of global self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 672–680.
Pessin, J. (1933). The comparative effects of social and mechanical stimulation on memorizing. American Journal of Psychology, 45, 263-270.
Rothweiler, J. N., Goodwin, K. A., & Kukucka, J. (2020). Presence of administrators differentially impacts eyewitness discriminability for same‐and other‐race identifications. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 34(6), 1530-1537.
Ruddock, H. K., Brunstrom, J. M., Vartanian, L. R., & Higgs, S. (2019). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the social facilitation of eating. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 110(4), 842-861.
Rusting, C. L. (1999). Interactive effects of personality and mood on emotion-congruent memory and judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(5), 1073–1086.
Sanders, G. S., & Baron, R. S. (1975). The motivating effects of distraction on task performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 956–963.
Sanna, L. J. (1992). Self-efficacy theory: Implications for social facilitation and social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62(5), 774–786.
Schmitt, B. H., Gilovich, T., Goore, N., & Joseph, L. (1986). Mere presence and social facilitation: One more time. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 242-248.
Schmukle, S. C., Back, M. D., & Egloff, B. (2008). Validity of the Five- Factor Model for the implicit self-concept of personality. European Journal of Assessment, 24(4), 263-272.
Seitchik, A. E., Brown, A. J., & Harkins, S. G. (2017). Social facilitation: Using the molecular to inform the molar. In S. G. Harkins, K. D. Williams, & J. M. Burger (Eds.), Oxford library of psychology. The Oxford handbook of social influence (pp. 183–203). Oxford University Press.
Spence, K. W. (1956). Behavior theory and conditioning. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Stein, L. M. (2009). Individual differences in social facilitation. (Master thesis). Graduate School-New Brunswick Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Jersey.
Stone, S. V., & Costa, P. T. (1990), Disease-prone personality or distress– prone personality? The role of neuroticism in coronary heart disease. In H. S. Friedman (Ed.), Personality and Disease (pp. 178-200). New York: Wiley.
Strojny, P. M., Dużmańska-Misiarczyk, N., Lipp, N., & Strojny, A. (2020). Moderators of social facilitation effect in virtual reality: Co-presence and realism of virtual agents. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1252.
Travis, L. E. (1925). The effect of small audience upon eye-hand coordination. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 29, 142- 146.
Triplett, N. (1898). The dynamogenic factors in pacemaking and competition. American Journal of Psychology, 9, 507–533.
Uziel, L. (2007). Individual differences in the social facilitation effect: A review and meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 579-601.
Uziel, L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). The effect of public social context on self-control: Depletion for neuroticism and restoration for impression management. Personality and Social Psychology Bulle-tin, 38(3), 384-396.
Zajonc, R. B. (1965). Social facilitation. Science, 149, 269–274.
Zelenski, J. M., & Larsen, R. J. (2002). Predicting the future: How affect- related personality traits influence likelihood judgments of future events. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(7), 1000– 1010.
Wann, D. L., & Hackathorn, J. (2019). Audience effects in sport: The reciprocal flow of influence between athletes and spectators. In M. H. Anshel, T. A. Petrie, & J. A. Steinfeldt (Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology series. APA handbook of sport and exercise psychology, Vol. 1. Sport psychology (pp. 469–488). American Psychological Association.
Wood, J. V., Heimpel, S. A., & Michela, J. L. (2003). Savoring versus dampening: Self-esteem differences in regulating positive affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(3), 566–580.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Barbara Kalebić Maglica
1
Petra Anić
1
Domagoj Švegar
1
Hana Mehonjić
1

  1. University of Rijeka, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Croatia
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of manipulating visual information about one’s movement in Virtual Reality (VR) during physical training on a stationary bike. In the first experiment, the participants’ (N=30) task was to cycle on a stationary bike while embodying a virtual avatar. Fifteen participants experienced the Slow condition, in which a virtual avatar cycled at the constant speed of 15km/h, while the other fifteen participants experienced the Fast condition, in which a virtual avatar cycled at the constant speed of 35km/h. In the second experiment, we tested whether introducing agency (i.e., linking real-life cycling speed with the cycling speed of a virtual avatar), would improve exercise performance. Participants (N=31) experienced counterbalanced conditions: Faster optic flow (avatar’s speed was 15% faster than the participants’ real cycling speed), and Slower optic flow (avatar’s speed was 15% slower than the participants’ real cycling speed). Results showed that all participants increased their cycling speed when experiencing altered cycling speed of a virtual avatar compared with their baselines, but in the first experiment, participants cycled faster in the faster optic flow condition, while in the second experiment, when participants controlled the virtual avatar’s cycling speed, there were no differences between the Fast and Slow conditions. Participants described the cycling in VR as a pleasant experience. The present study suggests that the addition of Virtual Reality during exercise training may increase cycling performance.
Go to article

Bibliography


Albertus, Y., Tucker, R., Gibson, A. S. C., Lambert, E. V., Hampson, D. B., & Noakes, T. D. (2005). Effect of distance feedback on pacing strategy and perceived exertion during cycling: medicine & science in sports & exercise, 37(3), 461–468. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000155700.72702.76
Ali, S. F., Azmat, S. A., Noor, A. U., Siddiqui, H., & Noor, S. (2017). Virtual reality as a tool for physical training. First International Conference on Latest trends in Electrical Engineering and Computing Technologies (Intellect), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1109/INTEL-LECT.2017.8277617.
Anderson-Hanley, C., Snyder, A. L., Nimon, J. P., & Arciero, P. J. (2011). Social facilitation in virtual reality-enhanced exercise: competitiveness moderates exercise effort of older adults. Clinical interventions in aging, 6, 275-280. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S25337
Anguita D., Ghio A., Oneto L., Parra X., Reyes-Ortiz, J.L. (2012) Human Activity Recognition on Smartphones Using a Multiclass Hardware- Friendly Support Vector Machine. In: Bravo J., Hervás R., Rodríguez M. (eds) Ambient Assisted Living and Home Care. IWAAL 2012. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 7657. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35395-6_30
Annesi, J. J. (2001). Effects of music, television, and a combination entertainment system on distraction, exercise adherence, and physical output in adults. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 33(3), 193–202. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0087141
Ansdell, P., Thomas, K., Howatson, G., Amann, M., & Goodall, S. (2018). Deception improves TT performance in well-trained cyclists without augmented fatigue. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 50(4), 809-816. https://dx.doi.org/10.1249%2FMSS.0000000000001483
Atzori, B., Hoffman, H. G., Vagnoli, L., Messeri, A., & Grotto, R. L. (2019). Virtual reality as distraction technique for pain management in children and adolescents. Advanced Methodologies and Technol-ogies in Medicine and Healthcare, 483-494. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch518
Baños, R. M., Escobar, P., Cebolla, A., Guixeres, J., Alvarez Pitti, J., Lisón, J. F., & Botella, C. (2016). Using virtual reality to distract overweight children from bodily sensations during exercise. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 19(2), 115- 119. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2015.0283
Berg, D. V. D. (2017). Time perception in virtual reality (Master's thesis). Leiden University. Bideau, B., Kulpa, R., Vignais, N., Brault, S., Multon, F., & Craig, C. (2009). Using virtual reality to analyze sports performance. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 30(2), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.1109/MCG.2009.134
Birk, M. V., Atkins, C., Bowey, J. T., & Mandryk, R. L. (2016). Fostering intrinsic motivation through avatar identification in digital games. Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2982-2995. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858062
Bryanton, C., Bossé, J., Brien, M., Mclean, J., McCormick, A., & Sveistrup, H. (2006). Feasibility, motivation, and selective motor control: Virtual reality compared to conventional home exercise in children with cerebral palsy. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9(2), 123–128. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2006.9.123
Caro, V., Carter, B., Dagli, S., Schissler, M., & Millunchick, J. (2018). Can virtual reality enhance learning: A case study in materials science. IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2018.8659267
Czub, M., & Kowal, M. (2019). Respiration entrainment in virtual reality by using a breathing avatar. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22(7), 494-499. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2018.0700
Donohue, K., Sadorf, A., Schmidt, K., & Kieffer, H. (2018). The effects of virtual reality training on balance and stability in female athletes. International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference proceedings, 9(6), 31.
Finkelstein, S., & Suma, E. A. (2011). Astrojumper: Motivating exercise with an immersive virtual reality exergame. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 20(1), 78–92. https://doi.org/10.1162/pres_a_00036
Fowler, C. A., Ballistrea, L. M., Mazzone, K. E., Martin, A. M., Kaplan, H., Kip, K. E., Murphy, J.L., & Winkler, S. L. (2019). A virtual reality intervention for fear of movement for Veterans with chronic pain: protocol for a feasibility study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 5(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-019-0501-y
Gabbett, T. J. (2016). The training—injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder?. British journal of sports medicine, 50(5), 273-280. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095788
Garcia-Palacios, A., Hoffman, H., Carlin, A., Furness, T., & Botella, C. (2002). Virtual reality in the treatment of spider phobia: a controlled study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(9), 983–993. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967(01)00068-7
Hou, Y., Kang, S., & Moon, T. (2018). Customers’ continuous usage intention of virtual reality (VR) product. International Conference on Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing, 14-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98367-7_2
Huang, S.-F., Tsai, P.-Y., Sung, W.-H., Lin, C.-Y., & Chuang, T.-Y. (2008). The Comparisons of heart rate variability and perceived exertion during simulated cycling with various viewing devices. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 17(6), 575–583. https://doi.org/10.1162/pres.17.6.575
IJsselsteijn, W.A., Kort, Y.A.W., Westerink, J., Jager, M., & Bonants, R. (2006). Virtual fitness: Stimulating exercise behavior through media technology. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 15(6), 688–698. https://doi.org/10.1162/pres.15.6.688
Jones, H. S., Williams, E. L., Marchant, D., Sparks, S. A., Bridge, C. A., Midgley, A. W., & Mc Naughton, L. R. (2016). Improvements in cycling time trial performance are not sustained following the acute provision of challenging and deceptive feedback. Frontiers in physiology, 7(399), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00399
Kim, G., & Biocca, F. (2018). Immersion in virtual reality can increase exercise motivation and physical performance. International Con-ference on Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality, 94-102. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91584-5_8
Lazzari, C.D., Diefenthaeler, F., & Marques, J. L. B. (2020). Virtual cycling effort is dependent on power update rate. European journal of sport science, 20(6), 831-838. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1669715
Lessiter, J., Freeman, J., Keogh, E., & Davidoff, J. (2001). A cross-media presence questionnaire: The ITC-Sense of Presence Inventory. Presence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments, 10(3), 282-297. https://doi.org/10.1162/105474601300343612
MacRae, H. (2003). Cycling with video feedback improves performance in untrained, but not in trained women. Research in Sports Medicine, 11(4), 261–276. https://doi.org/10.1080/714041040
Malloy, K.M., & Milling, L. S. (2010). The effectiveness of virtual reality distraction for pain reduction: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(8), 1011–1018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.07.001
Micklewright, D., Papadopoulou, E., Swart, J., & Noakes, T. (2010). Previous experience influences pacing during 20 km time trial cycling. British journal of sports medicine, 44(13), 952-960. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.057315
Milanez, V. F., Pedro, R. E., Moreira, A., Boullosa, D. A., Salle-Neto, F., & Nakamura, F. Y. (2011). The role of aerobic fitness on session rating of perceived exertion in futsal players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(3), 358–366. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.6.3.358
Olmos-Raya, E., Ferreira-Cavalcanti, J., Contero, M., Castellanos- Baena, M. C., Chicci-Giglioli, I. A., & Alcañiz, M. (2018). Mobile virtual reality as an educational platform: A pilot study on the impact of immersion and positive emotion induction in the learning process. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics Science and Technol-ogy Education, 14(6), 2045-2057. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/85874
Parry, D., Chinnasamy, C., & Micklewright, D. (2012). Optic flow influences perceived exertion during cycling. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 34(4), 444–456. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.34.4.444
Parsons, T. D., & Rizzo, A. A. (2008). Affective outcomes of virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety and specific phobias: A meta-analysis. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 39(3), 250–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2007.07.007
Peck, T. C., Seinfeld, S., Aglioti, S. M., & Slater, M. (2013). Putting yourself in the skin of a black avatar reduces implicit racial bias. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(3), 779–787. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2013.04.016
Petri, K., Emmermacher, P., Danneberg, M., Masik, S., Eckardt, F., Weichelt, S., & Witte, K. (2019). Training using virtual reality improves response behavior in karate kumite. Sports Engineering, 22(1), 2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-019-0299-0
Robergs, R. A., Bereket, S., & Knight, M. A. (1998). Video-assisted cycling alters perception of effort and increases self-selected exercise intensity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86(3), 915–927. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1998.86.3.915
Rothbaum, B. O., Hodges, L., Smith, S., Lee, J. H., & Price, L. (2000). A controlled study of virtual reality exposure therapy for the fear of flying. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 1020– 1026. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.68.6.1020
Shei, R.-J., Thompson, K., Chapman, R., Raglin, J., & Mickleborough, T. (2016). Using deception to establish a reproducible improvement in 4-km cycling time trial performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(05), 341–346. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1565139
Slater, M., & Sanchez-Vives, M. V. (2016). Enhancing our lives with immersive virtual reality. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 3. 74. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2016.00074
Stone, M., Thomas, K., Wilkinson, M., Jones, A., St Clair Gibson, A., & Thompson, K. (2012). Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44(3), 534-541. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e318232cf77
Tsai, W. L., Chung, M. F., Pan, T. Y., & Hu, M. C. (2017, October). Train in virtual court: Basketball tactic training via virtual reality. Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Workshop on Multimedia-based Educational and Knowledge Technologies for Personalized and Social Online Training, 3-10.
Wender, C. L., Ahn, S. J., & O’Connor, P. J. (2019). Interactive virtual reality reduces quadriceps pain during high-intensity cycling. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 51(10), 2088-2097. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002016
Zeng, N., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2017). Acute effect of virtual reality exercise bike games on college students' physiological and psychological outcomes. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 20(7), 453-457. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0042
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Marta Kowal
1
ORCID: ORCID
Joanna Piskorz
1
ORCID: ORCID
Marcin Czub
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Institute of Psychology, University of Wrocław, Poland

Instructions for authors


Author Guidelines :

Submitted work should be original, meaning it should not be submitted for consideration to another journal nor should it have been published in whole or in part in another journal. Each submitted paper will be initially sent to the Editor-in-Chief who will appoint an Action Editor (if all authors' guidelines are met), who will seek and invite appropriate Reviewers. Each paper is sent to at least three Reviewers (experts in the field), and the decision is made on the basis of at least two reviews. The decision (accept, minor revision, revise and resubmit, or reject) will be communicated electronically (within the editorial system and via separate e-mails) together with the reviews and letter from the Action Editor.

Manuscripts must comply with all author guidelines before submission. Failure to comply may result in your article being unsubmitted and returned to you for amendment, which will delay the processing of your work. Empirical papers must be accompanied by the author’s confirmation that they have access to the original data on which the article reports. Submitted papers are subject to a double-blind academic peer review process; neither authors nor reviewers are identified..The Editor retains the right to reject articles that do not meet established scientific or ethical standards. Manuscript should be accompanied by the cover letter

Manuscripts should be submitted via Editorial System: http://www.editorialsystem.com/ppb


Manuscript Preparation:

Manuscripts must be in English. All submissions should adhere to the formatting guidelines in the latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). The main text must be submitted as a blind copy of the manuscript, with all identifying author information removed. All parts of the manuscript should be double-spaced, with margins on all sides.

Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order: abstract with keywords, main text, Compliance with Ethical Standards, acknowledgments, and references.

Keywords: Articles should have 3-6 keywords.

Tables and Figures should be kept to a minimum.

Compliance with Ethical Standards:
Submissions reporting on a study with human participants must include this statement as it establishes that approval or exemption was granted by the applicable institutional and/or national research ethics committee and attests that the study was performed in accordance with the ethical standards as set forth in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. This statement must include the name of the ethics committee granting approval/exemption. An Informed Consent statement must be included if your submission reports on a study with human participants. If no written informed consent was obtained, this statement must explain the reason for no consent.

We require authors to share their data along with their manuscript (using any public depository or our submission panel). There are many benefits to sharing your data openly with the scientific community.

Cover letter

Cover letter should include: Authors' name(s) and e-mail addresses, affiliation (for each author) and word count. The letter should also list the highlights of the submitted contribution (what we already know on this subject and what this paper actually adds).

Publication Ethics Policy

Peer Review and Ethics

Polish Psychological Bulletin is committed to peer-review integrity and upholding the highest standards of review.
Once your paper has been assessed for suitability by the editor, it will then be double blind peer reviewed by independent, anonymous authorities in the field.
Our guidance on publishing ethics is in accrdance with the COPE standards (see: https://publicationethics.org).

This page uses 'cookies'. Learn more