Application of EASEWASTE model for assessing environmental impacts from solid waste landfi lling

Journal title

Archives of Environmental Protection




vol. 47


No 4


Alam, Asifa : College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan ; Chaudhry, Muhammad Nawaz : Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Lahore School of Economics, Pakistan ; Ahmad, Sajid Rashid : Remote Sensing, GIS and Climatic Research Lab, Department of Space Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan ; Batool, Aadila : Remote Sensing, GIS and Climatic Research Lab, Department of Space Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan ; Mahmood, Adeel : Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College Women University, Sialkot, Pakistan ; Al-Ghamdi, Huda Ahmad : Department of Biology, College of Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia



EASEWASTE ; risk assessment ; dumping sites ; gas emissions ; toxicity

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences


  1. Alam, A., Tabinda, A.B., Qadir, A., Butt, T.E., Siddique, S. & Mahmood A. (2017). Ecological Risk Assessment of an Open Dumping Site at Mehmood Booti Lahore, Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(21), pp. 17889–99. DOI:10.1007/s11356-017-9215-y
  2. Alam, A., Chaudhry, M.N., Mahmood, A., Ahmad, S.R., & Butt,T.E. (2021). Development & application of Conceptual Framework Model (CFM) for environmental risk assessment of contaminated lands. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 28(11),pp. 6167–6177. DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.06.069 Buratti, C., Barbanera, M., Testarmata, F. & Fantozzi, F. (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of Organic Waste Management Strategies: An Italian Case Study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 89, pp.125–36. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.11.012
  3. Diaz, R. & Warith, M. (2006). Life-Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Wastes: Development of the WASTED Model. Waste Management, 26(8), pp. 886–901. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2005.05.007
  4. Fatima, S.A., Chaudhry, M. N. & Batool, S.A. (2019). Environmental Impacts of the Existing Solid Waste Management System of Northern Lahore. Chinese Journal of Urban and Environmental Studies, 07(03), pp. 1950013. DOI:10.1142/S2345748119500131
  5. Gentil, E. C., Damgaard, A., Hauschild, M., Finnveden, G., Eriksson, O., Thorneloe, S. & Christensen, T. H. (2010). Models for waste life cycle assessment: Review of technical assumptions. Waste Management, 30(12), pp. 2636–2648. DOI:0.1016/j.wasman.2010.06.004
  6. Grzesik, K. (2017). Comparative environmental impact assessment of the landfilling and incineration of residual waste in Krakow. Environment Protection Engineering, 43(4), pp. 135–148. DOI:10.5277/epel70411
  7. Guleria, A. & Chakma, S. (2019). Probabilistic human health risk assessment of groundwater contamination due to metal leaching: A case study of Indian dumping sites. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, pp. 1–33. DOI:10.1080/10807039.2019.1695193
  8. Jagoda G.S (2018). Municipal waste thermal treatment installations in Poland – a source of energy of environmental importance. Archives of Environmental Protection, 105, pp. 147–156. DOI:10.24425/124370
  9. Laurent, A., Bakas, I., Clavreul, J., Bernstad, A., Niero, M., Gentil, E. & Christensen, T. H. (2014). Review of LCA studies of solid waste management systems – Part I: Lessons learned and perspectives. Waste Management, 34(3), pp. 573–588. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2013.10.045
  10. Liu, Y., Sun, W. & Liu, J. (2017). Greenhouse gas emissions from different municipal solid waste management scenarios in China: Based on carbon and energy flow analysis. Waste Management, 68, pp. 653–661. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2017.06.020
  11. Maalouf, A. & El-Fadel, M. (2019). Life cycle assessment for solid waste management in Lebanon: Economic implications of carbon credit. Waste Management and Research, 37(1), pp. 14–26. DOI:10.1177/0734242X18815951
  12. Mahmood, A. & Malik, R. N. (2014). Human health risk assessment of heavy metals via consumption of contaminated vegetables collected from different irrigation sources in Lahore, Pakistan. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 7(1), pp. 91–99. DOI:10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.07.002
  13. Mahmood, K., Batool, S. A., Chaudhary, M. N. & Ul-Haq, Z. (2017). Ranking criteria for assessment of municipal solid waste dumping sites. Archives of Environmental Protection, 43(1), pp. 95–105. DOI:10.1515/aep-2017-0009
  14. Maiti, S. K., De, S., Hazra, T., Debsarkar, A. & Dutta, A. (2016). Characterization of Leachate and Its Impact on Surface and Groundwater Quality of a Closed Dumpsite – A Case Study at Dhapa, Kolkata, India. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 35, pp. 391–399. DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2016.07.019
  15. Majeed, A., Batool, S. & Chaudhry, M. (2018). Environmental Quantification of the Existing Waste Management System in a Developing World Municipality Using EaseTech: The Case of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Sustainability, 10(7), pp. 2424. DOI:10.3390/su10072424
  16. Mali, S. T. & Patil, S. S. (2016). Life-cycle assessment of municipal solid waste management. Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, 169(4), pp. 181–190. DOI:10.1680/jwarm.16.00013
  17. Malinauskaite, J., Jouhara, H., Czajczyńska, D., Stanchev, P., Katsou, E., Rostkowski, P. & Spencer, N. (2017). Municipal solid waste management and waste-to-energy in the context of a circular economy and energy recycling in Europe. Energy, 141, pp. 2013–2044. DOI:10.1016/
  18. Maria, C., Góis, J. & Leitão, A. (2020). Challenges and perspectives of greenhouse gases emissions from municipal solid waste management in Angola. Energy Reports, 6 (Supplement 1), pp. 364–369. DOI:10.1016/j.egyr.2019.08.074
  19. Marshall, R. E. & Farahbakhsh, K. (2013). Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries. Waste Management, 33(4), pp. 988–1003. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2012.12.023
  20. Noya, I., Inglezakis, V., González-García, S., Katsou, E., Feijoo, G. & Moreira, M. (2018). Comparative environmental assessment of alternative waste management strategies in developing regions: A case study in Kazakhstan. Waste Management & Research, 36(8), pp. 689–697. DOI:10.1177/0734242X18786388
  21. Parkes, O., Lettieri, P. & Bogle, I. D. L. (2015). Life cycle assessment of integrated waste management systems for alternative legacy scenarios of the London Olympic Park. Waste Management, 40, pp. 157–166. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2015.03.017
  22. Popiţa, G. E., Baciu, C., Rédey, Á., Frunzeti, N., Ionescu, A., Yuzhakova, T. & Popovici, A. (2017). Life cycle assessment (LCA) of municipal solid waste management systems in Cluj county, Romania. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 16(1), pp. 47–58. DOI:10.30638/eemj.2017.006
  23. Rajaeifar, M. A., Tabatabaei, M., Ghanavati, H., Khoshnevisan, B. & Rafiee, S. (2015). Comparative life cycle assessment of different municipal solid waste management scenarios in Iran. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51, pp. 886-898 DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2015.06.037
  24. Ramachandra, T. V., Bharath, H. A., Kulkarni, G. & Han, S. S. (2018). Municipal solid waste: Generation, composition and GHG emissions in Bangalore, India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, pp. 1122–1136. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.085
  25. Rana, R., Ganguly, R. & Gupta, A. K. (2019). Life-cycle assessment of municipal solid-waste management strategies in Tricity region of India. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 21(3), pp. 606–623. DOI:10.1007/s10163-018-00822-0
  26. Sharma, B. K. & Chandel, M. K. (2017). Life cycle assessment of potential municipal solid waste management strategies for Mumbai, India. Waste Management and Research, 35(1), pp. 79–91. DOI:10.1177/0734242X16675683
  27. Singh, A. & Raj, P. (2018). Segregation of waste at source reduces the environmental hazards of municipal solid waste in Patna, India. Archives of Environmental Protection, 44(4), pp. 96–110. DOI:10.24425/aep.2018.122306
  28. Smol, M., Kulczycka, J., Lelek, Ł., Gorazda, K. & Wzorek, Z. (2020). Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the integrated technology for the phosphorus recovery from sewage sludge ash (SSA) and fertilizers production. Archives of Environmental Protection, 46(2), pp. 42–52. DOI:10.24425/aep.2020.133473
  29. Szymański, K. & Janowska, B. (2016). Migration of pollutants in porous soil environment. Archives of Environmental Protection, 42(3), pp. 87–95. DOI:10.1515/aep-2016-0026
  30. Thomsen, M., Seghetta, M., Mikkelsen, M. H., Gyldenkærne, S., Becker, T., Caro, D. & Frederiksen, P. (2017). Comparative life cycle assessment of biowaste to resource management systems – A Danish case study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, pp. 4050–4058. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.034
  31. Vimpolšek, B., Jereb, B., Lerher, T., Kutnar, A. & Lisec, A. (2019). Models for life cycle assessment: Review of technical assumptions in collection and transportation processes. Tehnicki Vjesnik, 26(6), pp. 1861–1868. DOI:10.17559/TV-20181209160911
  32. Winkler, J. & Bilitewski, B. (2007). Comparative evaluation of life cycle assessment models for solid waste management. Waste Management, 27(8), pp. 1021–1031. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.02.023






DOI: 10.24425/aep.2021.139504

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting & Indexing

Archives of Environmental Protection is covered by the following services:

AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)




BIOSIS Citation Index





Engineering Village


Google Scholar

Index Copernicus

Journal Citation Reports™

Journal TOCs






Ulrich's Periodicals Directory


Web of Science