Morphological, molecular and pathogenic characterization of Fusarium spp. associated with chickpea wilt in western Iran

Journal title

Journal of Plant Protection Research




vol. 61


No 4


Younesi, Hassan : Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran ; Darvishnia, Mostafa : Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran ; Bazgir, Eidi : Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran ; Chehri, Khosrow : Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran



Cicer arietinum ; chickpea wilt ; Fusarium redolens ; Fusarium hostae

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Biologiczne i Rolnicze




Committee of Plant Protection PAS ; Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute


polymorphic DNA (RAPD). European Journal of Plant Pathology 107: 237–248. DOI:
Jendoubi W., Bouhadida M., Boukteb A., Beji M., Kharrat M. 2017. Fusarium wilt affecting chickpea crop. Agriculture 7 (23): 1–16. DOI:
Leslie J.F., Zeller K.A., Summerell B.A. 2001. Icebergs and species in populations of Fusarium. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 59: 107–117. DOI: 10.1006/pmpp.2001.035
Leslie J.F., Summerell B.A. 2006. The Fusarium laboratory manual. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing, USA, 388 pp.
Manuchehri A., Mesri A. 1966. Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 3 (3): 1–11.
Mishra P.K., Fox R.T.V., Culham A. 2003. Development of a PCR based assay for rapid and reliable identification of pathogenic Fusaria. FEMS Microbiology Letters 218 (2): 329–332. DOI:
Mohammadi H., Banihashemi Z. 2005. Distribution, pathogenicity and survival of Fusarium spp. the causal agents of chickpea wilt and root rot in the Fars province of Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 41 (4): 687–708.
Navas-Cortes J.A., Alcala-Jimenez A.R., Hau B., Jimenez- -Diaz R.M. 2000. Influence of inoculum density of race 0 and 5 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris on development of Fusarium wilt in chickpea cultivars. European Journal of Plant Pathology 106: 135–146. DOI:
Nene Y.L., Haware M.P. 1980. Screening chickpea for resistance to wilt. Plant Disease 64: 379–380.
Nelson P.E., Toussoun T.A., Marasas W.F.O. 1983. Fusarium Species: An Illustrated Manual for Identification. Pennyslvania State University Press, University Park, USA, 193 pp.
Nourollahi K.H., Aliaran A., Younesi H. 2017. Genetic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris isolates causal agent of chickpea wilt in Kermanshah province using microsatellite markers. Novel Genetic 11 (4): 605–615.
O’Donnell K., Cigelnik E. 1997. Two divergent intragenomic rDNA ITS2 types within a monophyletic. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7 (1): 103–116. DOI:
O’Donnell K., Cigelnik E., Nirenberg H.I. 1998. Molecular systematic and phylogeography of the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Mycologia 90 (3): 465–493. DOI:
Saeedi Sh., Jamali S. 2021. Molecular characterization and distribution of Fusarium isolates from uncultivated soils and chickpea plants in Iran with special reference to Fusarium redolens. Journal of Plant Pathology 103 (4): 167–183. DOI:
Sharma K.D., Muehlbauer F.J. 2007. Fusarium wilt of chickpea: physiological specialization, genetics of resistance and resistance gene tagging. Euphytica 157 (1–2): 1–14. DOI:
Shokri J., Javan-Nikkhah M., Rezaei S., Zamanizadeh H.R., Nourollahi Kh. 2020. Molecular identification of the races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, causal agent of chickpea wilt in western and north western provinces of Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 88 (1): 11–12. DOI:
Taylor J.W., Jacobson D.J., Kroken S., Kasuga T., Geiser D.M., Hibbett D.S., Fisher M.C. 2001. Phylogenetic species recognition and species concepts in fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology 31 (1): 21–32. DOI:
Trapero-Casas A., Jimenez-Diaz R.M. 1985. Fungal wilt and root rot diseases of chickpea in southern Spain. Phytopathology 75 (10): 1146–1151. DOI: Phyto-75-1146
Wang J., Zheng C. 2012. Characterization of a newly discovered Beauveria bassiana isolate to Franklimiella occidentalis Perganda, a non-native invasive species in China. Microbiology Research 167 (2): 116–120. DOI:
Younesi H. 2004. Identification of the physiologic races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris in some west provinces of Iran. In: Proceedings of the 16th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, Tabriz, Iran (in Persian with English summary)
Younesi H., Chehri Kh., Sheikholeslami M., Safaee D., Naseri B. 2019. Effects of sowing date and depth on Fusarium wilt development in chickpea cultivars. Journal of Plant Pathology 102 (2): 343–350. DOI: https//doi/10.1007/s42161-019-00423-2
Zokaee S., Falahati Rastegar M., Jafar Poor B., Bagheri A., Jahanbakhsh Mashhadi V. 2012. Genetic diversity determination of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris the causal agent of wilting and chlorosis in chickpea by using RAPD and PCR- -RFLP techniques in Razavi and northern Khorasan provinces. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research 3 (2): 7–16. DOI:






DOI: 10.24425/jppr.2021.139250