The study objective was to understand the character and location of
social conflicts in Poland’s soundscape. The analyses were based on a
review of press and Internet articles from the years 2008-2015 and
reports on noise, preceded by a review of the legal framework of
protection against noise in Poland. Questionnaire surveys concerning
Poland’s national parks and health resorts and the city of Lublin were
an additional source of information. In the case of the former, the
surveys were supplemented with a general examination of the acoustic
determinants of social conflicts in the Podzamcze district.
An analysis shows that sound in landscape has been a source of more than
100 social conflicts which were most frequently related to unpleasant
sounds (noise nuisance) and the right to peace and quiet. The public
demands acoustic comfort, one of the determinants of the quality of
life. Therefore, it is necessary to know the public opinion on
soundscapes (survey of sound preferences). Public consultations
concerning the assessment of acoustic disturbance and sound preferences
will make it possible to avoid social conflicts arising from
insufficient knowledge. A major role is also played by the education of
the public and decision-makers through sound awareness campaigns, e.g.
as p art of ecology education. The subjective assessment of noise
nuisance severity and the acoustic design of public spaces should be an
integral part of environmental noise control programmes and
The conducted studies demonstrated that understanding the character and
location of social conflicts in soundscape is a major scientific
problem. Its resolution requires combining sociological studies
(questionnaire for the valuation of the subjective feelings of
respondents) with field analyses (observations, acoustic measurements).
It is a promising research field that has been developed to a limited
extent so far.