State Urban Policy – concept, Institutional scope and structure in integrative
management of the development. The management of space, as a common good, closely
linked with economic and social development in Poland – meets a number of barriers. One of
the major barriers is flawed and inefficient system of spatial planning and the lack of explicit
national urban policy. The causes of this situation are manifold and complex. There is a week
understanding that spatial planning has regulatory function and that is a main measure of
intervention in inefficient – by its nature – market mechanism of real estate development and
location of new construction objects. The existing in Poland since 2015 formal document under
the title “National City Policy” is in fact the part of cohesion policy. It formulates only very
soft policy recommendations concerning spatial development which are identified in different
cities and their functional areas, whereas financial measures go separately through sectoral
In the article author consider the future place of national urban policy in integrative system
of development policy which combine economic, social and build environmental dimensions.
Than he analyzes the relationship between national spatial policy and the urban polices at
the national and local level. Finally he presents some general conclusions and recommendations.
According to the author, because of complexity of the issues and challenges, the detailed
formulation of state urban policies and its implementation must lie within the competence
of a strong governmental institution (responsible for research, monitoring and evaluation,
elaboration of visions and scenarios in a broad global context). The primary partner in the
state urban policy, co-responsible for its success, should be adequately, provincial and local
governments. Through the cooperation of state and territorial authorities, is the most strongly
manifested multilevel model of “public governance”. The special role belongs to the local authorities
due to their assigned competence in creation of local by law in respect of land use and
building allocation. Efficient urban policy must have two dimensions; horizontal and territorial.
Horizontal domain should belong to the state (national planning, passing the law, systemic
intervention, etc.). Territorial dimension should belong first of all to local urban policies but formulated and implemented within the framework and measures defined by national spatial
policy and operational state urban policies.
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