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Abstract

A sediment core (LS-1) collected from Long Lake in King George Island, South Shetland Islands (West Antarctica) was analyzed for a variety of textural, geochemical, isotopic and paleontological properties together with 14C age dates. These data combined with published records of other studies provide a detailed history of local/regional postglacial paleoproductivity variation with respect to terrestrial paleoclimate change. The lithologic contrast of a lower diamicton and an upper fine-grained sediment demonstrates glacial recession and subsequent lake formation. The upper fine-grained deposit, intercalated by mid-Holocene tephra-fallout followed by a tephra gravity flow, was formed in a lacustrine environment. Low total organic carbon (TOC) and biogenic silica (Sibio) contents with high C/N ratios characterize the diamicton, whereas an increase of TOC and Sibio contents characterize the postglacial lacustrine fine-grained sediments, which are dated at c. 4000 yrBP. More notable are the distinct TOC maxima, which may imply enhanced primary productivity during warm periods. Changes in Sibio content and δ13C values, which support the increasing paleoproductivity, are in sympathy with these organic matter variations. The uniform and low TOC contents that are decoupled by Sibio contents are attributed to the tephra gravity flows during the evolution of the lake rather than a reduced paleoproductivity. A very recent TOC maximum is also characterized by high Sibio content and δ13C values, clearly indicating increased paleoproductivity consequent upon gradual warming across King George Island . Comparable with changes in sediment geochemistry, the occurrence and abundance of several diatom species corroborate the paleoproductivity variations together with the lithologic development. However, the paleoclimatic signature in local terrestrial lake environment during the postglacial period (for example the Long Lake) seems to be less distinct, as compared to the marine environment.
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Abstract

Mordenite-zeolite supported Ca-Cu and Ba-Cu catalysts (Ca-Cu/MOR and Ba-Cu MOR) were successfully fabricated for direct decomposition of both NF3 and N2O gases contained in waste gas stream of (semiconductor) electronics industry. N2O conversion rates of Ca-Cu and Ba-Cu catalysts were 79 and 86%, respectively, at 700°C and 1 atm under space velocity of 5000 h–1. The Ca-Cu catalyst was especially noteworthy in that its capability of converting N2O could be maintained even after its exposure to co-feeding NF3 gas constituent in the waste gas stream. Compositional and surface morphological analyses of the Ca-Cu and Ba-Cu catalysts were made before and after exposure to the waste gas stream to examine any noticeable degradation or change of the catalysts. Unlike Ba-Cu catalyst, SiO2 constituent of the Ca-Cu catalyst was found to remain immune to the NF3-cofeeding waste gas stream, casting a positive prospect for superior and steady N2O decomposition performance via maintenance of its structural integrity.
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