The aim of this paper is to look at the quantitative dimension of public space resources in Polish cities, a comparative analysis of these resources, determining the share of public space in the urban spatial structure and referring this structure to European cities. The concept of ‘public space resources’ has been introduced, and is defined as those areas in the city that fulfill or can fulfill the functions of public space. This concept, and then the proposal of its operationalization, aimed to draw attention to the spatial and physical aspects of public space, which would allow to broaden and supplement social approaches in the study of public space. The quantitative approach to public space proposed in the paper also enabled a comparative research to assess the role of public space in the structure of Polish cities in a more objective manner and refer it to European cities.
The article presents the process of functional changes in the area of the Metropolis of Poznań, i.e. 22 communes belonging to the Metropolia Poznań Association. The process was examined on the basis of changes in the employment structure and spatially different tendencies and segregation in the scope of dominant functions.
The article aims at determining the place and role of environmental issues in spatial management in relation to scientific achievements of Professor Zbyszko Chojnicki. A few words about the professor’s approach to the issue of using the natural environment in spatial management provide a starting point for the ongoing discussion. Next, attention is paid to the place of environmental issues in the interactive model and in the conception of the territorial social system by Professor Chojnicki. This concerns first of all the distinction and description of these elements of the natural environment and environmental relations which are identified in these systemic aspects. In the following part of the article, the analysis of environmental issues is carried out as the subject of interest of spatial management in the context of scientific achievements of Professor Chojnicki in this field. The paper concludes with a short presentation of studies inspired by works of Professor Chojnicki on sustainable development of cities.
The concept of place has been present in human geography for almost half a century. The human geographers looked for the answer about genesis of place category in different sociological or psychological aspects with the basis of space dimension. In last two decades a few of them referred that idea to communication processes. Inspired by the views expressed by the latter group of scientists, we are asking: how is creating a place? We put forward thesis that a special type of place making is social communication that works continuously on the principle of the palimpsest of overlapping meanings through messages arising in several dimensions. Our assumption is that every place is creating (overwriting) a social subject – an individual or a group, that will build communication in three dimensions: within a space/place (W), about a space/place (A), and/or between people and a space/place (B).