Wyniki wyszukiwania

Filtruj wyniki

  • Czasopisma
  • Autorzy
  • Słowa kluczowe
  • Data
  • Typ

Wyniki wyszukiwania

Wyników: 17
Wyników na stronie: 25 50 75
Sortuj wg:

Abstrakt

Developing the empathic attitude is one of the tasks of medical education as it aff ects the quality of therapeutic contact in the relationship between the doctor and the patient, conditioning the treatment process. According to Davis’s concept, empathy is defi ned as an aff ective-cognitive reaction in the context of the other person’s experience. Aim: Analysis of profi les of empathic sensitivity in students of medicine. Group: Male and female students of the fi ft h year of medicine who agreed to participate in an anonymous study (n = 153; M = 57, F = 96; mean age: 23 years). Tools: Th e Empathetic Sensitivity Scale (EES), which is the Polish tool for Davis’s Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was used. Th e ESS includes three sub-scales: Empathic Care (EC), Personal Distress (PD) and Adopting Perspective (AP). Results: The raw results were converted into sten scores and for sten scores for all three dimensions of empathetic sensitivity no diff erences were found between male and female students. Th ree clusters (1: n = 33%, 2: n = 39%, 3: n = 28%), which diff er in terms of each distinguished indicator, were identifi ed. Conclusions: Th e first cluster characterizes empathetic people, both in the aff ective and cognitive spheres, and those dealing well with unpleasant emotions in situations diffi cult to others. Th e second cluster characterizes participants with the ability to recognize the needs of others and to take into account their perspectives; the third cluster includes participants with a tendency to focus on their own experiences emerging in response to other people’s suff ering but with the ability to understand a situation and show empathic concern for the other person. The most favourable profi le — for a future doctor as well as for his patients — is the fi rst cluster because the doctor, with his empathic sensitivity directed towards the other man, can deal with his own unpleasant emotions.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Background and objective: Urological diseases represent a signifi cant health issue worldwide. Presented study aimed at assessing current urological knowledge and confi dence in performing urological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures among medical students at Jagiellonian University Medical College in Poland and compare it on diff erent stages of the undergraduate medical education. Material and methods: We designed an anonymous survey distributed among Polish students from 1st to 6th year of medical studies, before and aft er clinical urology course. Questions concerned general urological knowledge, prostate diseases, erectile dysfunction, and self-reported practical urological skills. Results: Overall, 437 respondents participated in the survey. Mean total test score in our study groupwas 50.08%, mean general urological knowledge score was 53.44%, mean prostate diseases knowledge score was 55.43%, mean erectile dysfunction score was 36% and mean practical skills score was 45.83%. Mean total test score increased with consecutive years of studies (R = 0.58; p <0.001). Th e risk of an above average total test score was signifi cantly infl uenced by the urology course (OR = 7.95, 95%CI = 1.81–34.84, p = 0.006) and the year of medical studies (4th–6th vs. 1st–3rd) (OR = 5.16, 95%CI = 3.41–7.81, p <0.001). Practical skills score above average was signifi cantly more frequent in the group aft er the urology course (OR = 6.75, 95%CI = 1.54–29.58, p = 0.011). Conclusions: Results of this study reveal low mean scores obtained by students, even aft er completing the urology course, which implies that curriculum requires further development. Urological knowledge and self-assessed practical skills increased with years of medical education. The urology course improved the score obtained in our survey, both in terms of total test score and practical skills.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Introduction: Interventional cardiology (IC) is a rapidly expanding fi eld of medicine. Medical studies should provide students the necessary level of knowledge about new techniques in IC. The aim of the study was to assess the medical students’ knowledge about various new areas of IC. Material and methods: Self-designed questionnaire was used to assess student’s knowledge. It contained 31 questions. Th e initial 3 questions concerned general information, the remaining ones were related to diff erent IC techniques: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI), Bioresorbable Vascular Scaff old (BVS), percutaneous mitral regurgitation repair methods, Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion (LAAO), Renal DeNervation (RDN), Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty (BAV) and Atrial Septal Defect/Persistent Foramen Ovale (ASD/PFO). One point for each correct answer was awarded. Results: In our study participated 104 students. Mean score was 15.9 ± 5.8 points. 24% of participants were 3rd year students, 38% — 4th, 20% — 5th and 18% — 6th. Th ere was no diff erences in level of knowledge between students of diff erent years of studies (p = 0.2). Students from Students Research Groups (SRG) achieved higher score in comparison with students no attending SRG (19.3 ± 6.3 vs 13.3 ± 3.7; p <0.001) as well as students interested in cardiology comparison with other (19.6 ± 5.9 vs 13.0 ± 3.8; p <0.001). Students from SRG and interested in cardiology reached also higher results in practically every area of IC in comparison with other. Conclusions: Participants have insuffi cient, outdated and incomplete knowledge of new methods in IC. Th ere was no signifi cant diff erence in students of diff erent years of studies. Students belonging to cardiological SRG and interested in cardiology have greater knowledge in IC.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

O b j e c t i v e s: The aim of study was to investigate the association between anxiety, depression, stress and determinants of quality of life among Iranian students. M e t h o d s: The questionnaires were completed by 275 students. The random sampling was conducted in two phases, the stratified sampling which some classes were selected among different classes of faculty of health and at the second phase, in each class the number of students who had the requirements to enter in the study were selected randomly. the logistic regression to find out the association between demographic characteristics with the quality of life was run and according to the normality status of the distribution of data the parametric or non-parametric tests were used. R e s u l t s: In the univariable model, the students that were living in their own homes had the odds of 2.18 times more than the others to have a higher quality of life level (95% CI: 1.07–4.45). In the multi variable model the anxiety and stress were significantly related to the quality of life and for increasing each 1 unit in the amount of anxiety and stress the odds of a better quality of life decreases 0.19 and 0.03 respectively. Even after adjusting for other covariates – in the multivariable model – both anxiety and stress were associated with the quality of life. C o n c l u s i o n: It is useful for the universities to understand different aspects of the students’ lives which are under the influence of stress, anxiety and depression, and also determining the resources from which they are originated.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Evaluation apprehension is the anxiety arising from a concern that one’s knowledge or expertise may be evaluated unfavorably by an audience. In this regard, the educational field comprising students’ discussions, lectures, presentations, and interactions is not an exception. Plethora of studies on student apprehension demonstrated that the construct is under the influence of different factors and can create various consequences. The aim of the present review is to complement and encapsulate previous research on student apprehension by providing an updated review on the concept in different disciplines. Data from 30 studies published in Elsevier, Springer, Taylor & Francis, and System were coded based on a coding scheme. The studies were broadly classified into four categories in the realm of education in terms of students’ disciplines; namely, Second/Foreign Language Learning (9 studies), Accounting and Finance (4 studies), Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy (6 studies), and miscellaneous disciplines (11 studies). The focus of this review pivoted around antecedents and consequences of student apprehension in each field. The analysis demonstrated the multidimensional nature of the construct caused by a host of variables and resulting in a multitude of ramifications. Based on these findings, some implications and strategies for mitigating student evaluation apprehension are presented.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

The paper presents the method of assessment of learning outcomes acquirement by students. The analysis is based on the results of the final matriculation exam in mathematics. For crisp and both types of fuzzy relations, cut scores (passing scores) can be defined along with the method of preparing rankings of students. The advantage of applying type 2 fuzzy relations is the lack of the necessity for experts to agree to one level (one number) of verification of learning outcomes by items created for the examination. Based on the results of the exam and experts’ knowledge, the decision support system for calculating the levels of learning outcomes acquirement, making decisions about passing the examination and preparing rankings of students, can be developed. Additionally, the rank reversal phenomenon does not burden the proposed method.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Artykuł przedstawia charakterystykę postawy, jaką wykazują się studenci wobec samochodów elektrycznych oraz znaczenie wyróżnionych elementów postawy w tworzeniu zainteresowania zakupem takich pojazdów. Samochody elektryczne to nowy rodzaj pojazdów, które posiadają silnik elektryczny i korzystają z energii elektrycznej zgromadzonej w akumulatorach. Wprowadzane są na rynek, lecz z różnych względów ich sprzedaż w Polsce nie jest wysoka. Jak dotąd wiadomo niewiele o tym, jak samochody elektryczne są oceniane przez Polaków. Przeprowadzone badania referowane w przedstawianym artykule są próbą poznania postawy wobec tego typu pojazdów. Badany model postawy obejmuje trzy obszary: wiedzę na ich temat, emocje, jakie one wywołują oraz potencjalne zachowania. Osobami badanymi byli studenci Politechniki Rzeszowskiej, więc grupa młodych ludzi stanowiąca potencjalnych odbiorców nowych technologii. Uzyskane wyniki wskazują, że samochody elektryczne są mało znane, jednocześnie budzą one duże zainteresowanie, a ich obraz w umysłach młodych ludzi jest bardzo pozytywny. Zauważalne są także ich ograniczenia, w największym stopniu zbyt wysoka cena zakupu, ale także inne czynniki: brak wystarczających informacji oraz niezadawalające parametry techniczne, głównie długi czas potrzebny na naładowanie baterii oraz zbyt krótka odległość możliwa do przejechania na jednym ładowaniu baterii. Zainteresowanie zakupem jest uwarunkowane odczuwaniem pozytywnych emocji, a brak wystarczających informacji stanowi przeszkodę w zastanawianiu się nad kupnem takiego pojazdu. Poznanie postaw polskich studentów wobec samochodów elektrycznych może być pomocne w dostosowaniu informacji o takich samochodach do potencjalnych odbiorców, co w efekcie może mieć wpływ na poziom zainteresowania oraz wielkość sprzedaży.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Władysław Łuszczkiewicz was an art historian, artist, pedagogue, an outstanding personality of nineteenth-century Krakow, active in many fields. He was a professor at the Cracow School of Fine Arts, and in the years 1857–1873 and 1893–1895 he was the headmaster of this school. He was a teacher of many artists, of which it is enough to mention only the greatest — Jan Matejko, Stanisław Wyspiański, Józef Mehoffer and Artur Grottger. In 1883, Łuszczkiewicz was appointed the director of the National Museum in Krakow. He managed this institution until his death, that is until 1900. Among the oldest source materials belonging to the Archive of the National Museum in Krakow, we can find the correspondence of former students of the School of Fine Arts addressed directly to their former teacher — Professor Łuszczkiewicz, who was at this time the director of the National Museum in Krakow. Based on selected letters, the article presents their interesting subject matter and presents the issues in which the students wrote to their Master. The attempt to describe the relation between former students and their master revealed in letters will be made.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

In accordance with the principles of conducting revitalization activities specified in the Revitalization Act in force from 9 October 2015 and horizontal guidelines for revitalization in operational programs for 2014-2020, the preparatory phase of the revitalization process should include multi-layered analyzes concluded with deductions included in communal urban regeneration programs. The article describes the role of student architectural and urban competitions performed in cooperation between municipalities and universities as innovative analytical and conceptual activities that could form the basis for specifying recommendations in revitalization strategies planned by a given municipality. The infl uence of the student competitions’ results on the development of the city revitalization strategy is presented on grounds of periodic competitions organized at the Faculty of Architecture of the Gdańsk University of Technology in cooperation with the Department of Plans and Marketing of the City Hall of the City of Gdańsk.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Dialog w klasie: strategie nauczania i ich postrzeganie przez studentów – Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie wyników badania ankietowego stanowiącego przykład zastosowania tzw. Głosu Studenta, czyli podejścia pedagogicznego zmierzającego do optymalizacji procesu nauczania. W pierwszej części przedstawione zostały trzy zgadnienia tworzące ramę teoretyczną: (1) nauczanie języka włoskiego na poziomie akademickim w Polsce, (2) współczesne trendy metodologiczne stosowane w klasie oraz (3) Głos Studenta jako narzędzie zapewniające bardziej skuteczne planowanie działań dydaktycznych. W drugiej części, przybliżono wyniki ankiety przeprowadzonej wśród studentów uczących się języka włoskiego na Wydziale Lingwistyki Stosowanej oraz omówiono ich przydatność w procesie nauczania i uczenia się.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

In the academic community within Poland, there is an ongoing debate about the optimal strategies for a redesign of PhD programs; however, the views of PhD students in relation to contemporary doctoral study programs are not widely known. Therefore, in this article, we aim to answer the following questions: (1) what are the demands and the resources for doctoral studies at the Jagiellonian University (JU) as experienced by PhD students? (2) how are these demands and resources related to study burnout and engagement? To gain answers to these questions, we conducted an on-line opinion-based survey of doctoral students. As a result, 326 JU PhD students completed a questionnaire measuring 26 demands and 23 resources along with measures of study burnout and levels of engagement. The results revealed that the demands of doctoral studies at the JU (as declared by at least half of the respondents) are: the requirement to participate in classes that are perceived as an unproductive use of time, the lack of remuneration for tutoring courses with students, a lack of information about possible career paths subsequent to graduation, the use of PhD students as low-paid workers at the university, a lack of opportunities for financing their own research projects, and an inability to take up employment while studying for a doctoral degree. In terms of resources, at least half of the doctoral students pointed to: discounts on public transport and the provision of free-of-charge access to scientific journals. Analyzing both the frequency and strength of the relationships between resources/demands and burnout/engagement, we have identified four key problem areas: a lack of support from their supervisor, role ambiguity within University structures for PhD students, the conflict between paid work and doctoral studies, and the mandatory participation in classes as a student.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

The study is aimed to quantify the effects of social noise exposure (personal music players (PMP), events with high noise exposure) and the exposure to the other environmental noise sources in the selected sample of Slovak university students. The validated ICBEN methodology was used to assess noise annoyance. The measurement of ambient noise levels was done using hand-held sound level analyzer. There were 526 university students (143 males and 383 females, average age 23±2.2) enrolled into the study so far, 192 in the exposed housing facility to road traffic noise and 326 in the control housing facility in Bratislava. The social noise exposure was quantified and followed according to the authorized methodology of the study Ohrkan. From the total sample 416 (79.4%) students reported the use of PMP in the last week for the average time of 314 minutes. There was a significant difference in PMP use between the exposed (85.34%) and the control group (76.31%) (p = 0.01). Among PMP users 28.1% exceeded the LAV (lower action value for industry = 80 dB). The results showed the importance of road traffic and the social noise as well and the need for prevention and intervention in these vulnerable groups.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

W gospodarce opartej na wiedzy, co w konsekwencji urzeczywistnia zorientowanie współczesnego społeczeństwa na wiedzę, kluczowym elementem staje się rozwój karier jego członków i inwestowanie w „portfolio” kariery. W artykule odnajdujemy odwołanie do konstruktu kariery jako „własności” jednostki z uwzględnieniem indywidualnych wyborów kariery, indywidualnych strategii jej rozwoju, planowania i monitorowania. W rozważaniach na temat kariery nie można pominąć kwestii subiektywnego sensu nadawanego karierze przez podmiot w kontekście możliwości jej satysfakcjonującego przeżywania oraz odniesienia sukcesu. Interesującym poznawczo zagadnieniem podjętym przez autorkę są wyniki badań własnych nad oceną swoich szans na odniesienie sukcesu w karierze z perspektywy młodzieży akademickiej będącej w momencie tranzycji z edukacji na poziomie akademickim na rynek pracy.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

W tekście podjęto krytyczny namysł nad praktykami oceniania we wczesnej edukacji rozpatrywanymi w kontekście kreowania przez nie uczniowskiego poczucia sprawstwa, traktowanego za J. Brunerem jak kategoria kultury szkoły. W rozważaniach wykorzystano wyniki prowadzonych w ostatnich latach w Polsce badań empirycznych nad sprawstwem uczniów oraz analizę danych zgromadzonych w w ramach badań własnych. Obraz, uzyskany za pomocą triangulacji metod i źródeł, potwierdza, że ocenianie wczesnoszkolne odziera dzieci z możliwości budowania poczucia sprawstwa nawet w zakresie samodzielnego kontrolowania sytuacji zadaniowej. Badanych uczniów stać co prawda na względnie niezależną refleksję nad kontekstem szkolnego oceniania, ale świat ich edukacyjnych doświadczeń jest ograniczony do ubezwłasnowolniającej kultury stopnia szkolnego. To ona staje się jednym ze źródeł dziecięcego samoograniczania się w postrzeganiu siebie jako sprawców, utrwalając ich zewnątrzsterowność i bezwolność. Do zmiany tej sytuacji nie wystarczą zatem regulacje zewnętrzne, ale organizowanie środowiska edukacyjnego opartego na relacjach między nauczycielem i uczniem wolnych od codziennej presji oceny i kultu formalnej poprawności.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

According to the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education and Polish Central Statistical Office the number of students systematically decreases since 2015. This demographic change was a reason to examine students motivation for undertaking their studies in order to improve educational program and to encourage students to peruse higher education. By approaching the subject of “Motivations for Undertaking Special Education Studies in The Opinion of Students at Pedagogical University of Cracow”, the answers were sought to the three following questions: What were the main reasons for choosing studies at Pedagogical University of Cracow? What motivators played a key role for students while selecting field of studies? What student’s personality traits did mainly influence their choice? Research material was collected basing on a self-designed questionnaire. The group of first-year 54 students year were tested, in which 39% didn’t know which specialization they would choose after a one year. The article’s conclusions present key factors motivating students for undertaking Special Education Studies and explain how personality traits influenced their choice.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

Technologie informacyjno-komunikacyjne w edukacji odgrywają głównie role mediów komunikacyjnych, zwłaszcza w zakresie tak zwanego przekazywania wiedzy. Znacznie rzadziej są wykorzystywane jako obiekty uczniowskich działań: czy to projektowania czy też wykonywania, jak np. w zakresie robotyki/mechatroniki. Jeszcze rzadziej zdarza się, że ICT jest wykorzystywana do intencjonalnego kształtowania tożsamości uczniów, budowania ich postaw moralnych czy do inspirowania ich postaw wobec świata i siebie samych. W historii edukacyjnych zastosowań technologii byli obecni uczeni i wychowawcy, którzy mieli znaczące plany zastosowania technologii przede wszystkim jako środka uczenia się oraz humanistycznego/humanitarnego rozwoju uczniów. Przykłady takich ujęć są w tym tekście przypominane. Dodać trzeba, że są te przykłady obecnie i dzisiaj, ale jednak znajdują się na obrzeżach szkolnej edukacji formalnej.
Przejdź do artykułu

Abstrakt

This article presents little known facts sampled from the notes and personal records of Professor Stanis$aw Pigoń and Karol Wojtyła. The two met for the first time in 1938, when young Wojtyła began his studies at the Polish Department of the Jagiellonian University. A bond of mutual liking and respect, based on similar personalities and similar war experiences, morphed into an abiding friendship in the years after the war. The article chronicles that friendship on the basis of documents and private papers held in the Jagiellonian Library (Professor Pigoń’s Archives) and the Archives of the Metropolitan Curia in Cracow. Wojtyła, when he became Pope John Paul II always spoke warmly about his university teachers, especially about Professor Pigoń.
Przejdź do artykułu

Ta strona wykorzystuje pliki 'cookies'. Więcej informacji