A wideband antenna with dual band characteristic at 5.33/14.3GHz with resonating frequencies for wireless applications is presented. The strategy of the design is to introduce multiband in antenna band. Bandwidth of the antenna increases by embedding annular ring on the radiating patch and four bands are achieved by introducing coupling gap between the patches. Surface current distribution is analyzed at different resonating frequencies for understanding the radiation mechanism and effect of annular ring. The antenna parameters such as return loss, radiation pattern, gain, VSWR and group delay are discussed. The impedance bandwidth of the proposed dual band antenna at lower resonant frequency is 12.7% (simulated) and 9.8 % (measured) whereas at upper resonant frequency is 15.3 % (simulated) and 13.97 % (measured).
This research presents a new technique which includes the principle of a Bezier curve and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) together, in order to design the planar dipole antenna for the two different targets. This technique can improve the characteristics of the antennas by modifying copper textures on the antennas with a Bezier curve. However, the time to process an algorithm will be increased due to the expansion of the solution space in optimization process. So as to solve this problem, the suitable initial parameters need to be set. Therefore this research initialized parameters with reference antenna parameters (a reference antenna operates on 2.4 GHz for IEEE 802.11 b/g/n WLAN standards) which resulted in the proposed designs, rapidly converted into the goals. The goal of the first design is to reduce the size of the antenna. As a result, the first antenna is reduced in the substrate size from areas of 5850 mm2 to 2987 mm2(48.93% approximately) and can also operates at 2.4 GHz (2.37 GHz to 2.51 GHz). The antenna with dual band application is presented in the second design. The second antenna is operated at 2.4 GHz (2.40 GHz to 2.49 GHz) and 5 GHz (5.10 GHz to 5.45 GHz) for IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n WLAN standards.