The objective of present work is to predict the thermal performance of wire screen porous bed solar air heater using artificial neural network (ANN) technique. This paper also describes the experimental study of porous bed solar air heaters (SAH). Analysis has been performed for two types of porous bed solar air heaters: unidirectional flow and cross flow. The actual experimental data for thermal efficiency of these solar air heaters have been used for developing ANN model and trained with Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) learning algorithm. For an optimal topology the number of neurons in hidden layer is found thirteen (LM-13).The actual experimental values of thermal efficiency of porous bed solar air heaters have been compared with the ANN predicted values. The value of coefficient of determination of proposed network is found as 0.9994 and 0.9964 for unidirectional flow and cross flow types of collector respectively at LM-13. For unidirectional flow SAH, the values of root mean square error, mean absolute error and mean relative percentage error are found to be 0.16359, 0.104235 and 0.24676 respectively, whereas, for cross flow SAH, these values are 0.27693, 0.03428, and 0.36213 respectively. It is concluded that the ANN can be used as an appropriate method for the prediction of thermal performance of porous bed solar air heaters.

JO - Archives of Thermodynamics L1 - http://www.czasopisma.pan.pl/Content/114808/PDF/06_paper.pdf L2 - http://www.czasopisma.pan.pl/Content/114808 IS - No 4 EP - 128 KW - Solar air heater KW - Porous bed KW - Thermal performance KW - artificial neural network KW - Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm ER - A1 - Ghritlahre, Harish Kumar A1 - Prasad, Radha Krishna PB - The Committee on Thermodynamics and Combustion of the Polish Academy of Sciences VL - vol. 40 JF - Archives of Thermodynamics SP - 103 T1 - Modelling of back propagation neural network to predict the thermal performance of porous bed solar air heater UR - http://www.czasopisma.pan.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=114808 DOI - 10.24425/ather.2019.131430